ืžืฆื˜ืจืคื™ื ื‘ืžื‘ืฆืข ืœืขื™ืชื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืื“ื ืฆืขื™ืจ >>> ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื”ื–ืžื ื”
ืขืœ ื™ึทืขึถืคึถืช ื•ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื

ืขืœ ื™ึทืขึถืคึถืช ื•ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื

ื˜ื™ืกื” ื”ื™ื ืžืฆื‘ ื–ืจ ื•ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ โ€“ ื”ืฉืคืขืชื” ื ื™ื›ืจืช ืขืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ื‘ื›ืœืœ, ื•ืขืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ืคืจื˜. ื“"ืจ ืžื•ื˜ื™ ืœื•ื™ ืกื•ืงืจ ืžื” ืขื•ืฉื” ื”ื˜ื™ืกื” ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื•ืžื–ืžื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืžื—ื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื—ื•ืคืฉืชื ื• ื”ื‘ืื”

ืขื•ื ืช ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืคืชื—, ื•ืจื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืชื›ื ื ื•ืช ืœื˜ื•ืก ืœื—ื•"ืœ. ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชืœื‘ื˜ื™ื ื”ืื ื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื˜ื•ืก ืขื ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื”ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ื›ืžื” ืจื—ื•ืง ืœื˜ื•ืก, ืžื” ื–ื” ืขื•ืฉื” ืœื”ื?

ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉื ื”, ื›ืžื™ืœื™ืืจื“ ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื, ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื”ื ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื˜ืกื™ื ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืžืงื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื™ื ืœืื•ืžื™ื•ืช. ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืก ืœื•ืงื— ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืื“ื, ื•ืœืžืจื•ืช ื–ืืช ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืžืกืคืจ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื”ื“ื•ืจืฉื•ืช ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช, ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื›ืืฉืจ ื˜ืกื™ื.

ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ื•ื™ืœื“ื™ืย  - ืžื” ืื•ืžืจืช ื”ืจืคื•ืื”?

ื‘ืคื‘ืจื•ืืจ 2016 ืคืจืกื ืื™ื’ื•ื“ ืจื•ืคืื™ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื”ืงื ื“ื™ ื ื™ื™ืจ ืขืžื“ื” ื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื‘ื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืชืขื•ืจืจ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื”ื˜ืกืช ื™ืœื“ื™ื:

  1. ย ื”ื™ืžืฆืื•ืช ื‘ื—ืœืœ ืกื’ื•ืจ ืœืื•ืจืš ื–ืžืŸ ืžืขืœื” ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื“ื‘ืง ื‘ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื•ืช.
  2. ย ื”ืžื˜ื•ืก ื ืžืฆื ื‘ื’ื‘ื”ื™ื ื‘ื”ื ืื™ืŸ ื—ืžืฆืŸ, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžื™ื™ืฆืจ ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคืจื” ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ื‘ื” ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ื—ืžืฆืŸ ื”ื™ื 15%, ื‘ื”ืฉื•ื•ืื” ืœืจืžืช ื”ื—ืžืฆืŸ ื‘ื’ื•ื‘ื” ืคื ื™ ื”ื™ื, ืฉื”ื™ื 20%. ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืืฆืœ ืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช, ืฉื˜ื— ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ืื•ืช ืงื˜ืŸ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจ, ืžื” ืฉืžืงื˜ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื“ื” ืžืกื•ื™ืžืช ืืช ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ื—ืžืฆืŸ ื‘ื“ื (ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื™ื, ื”ืกื˜ื•ืจืฆื™ื” ื™ื•ืจื“ืช ืž-5% ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ืกื” ืœ-94.4% ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื” ืฉื ืžืฉื›ืช 7 ืฉืขื•ืช). ืœื›ืŸ ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขื ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืจื™ืื” ื™ืฉ ืœื”ื™ื•ื•ืขืฅ ื‘ืจื•ืคื ืžื•ืžื—ื” ืœืจื™ืื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื˜ื™ืกื”.
  3. ืžื—ืงืจ ืื—ืจ ืžืฆื ื›ื™ ืืฆืœ 22% ืžื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืชืชืคืชื— ื“ืœืงืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ื–ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื” ืื—ืจื™ ื˜ื™ืกื” ื‘ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื”ืœื—ืฅ ื”ืื˜ืžื•ืกืคืจื™ ืฉื”ื™ืœื“ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื˜ื™ืกื”, ื•ื”ืงื•ืฉื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืื•ื–ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื” ืœืื–ืŸ ื–ืืช. ื–ื” ืงื•ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ืื• ื“ืœืงื•ืช ื‘ืื•ื–ื ื™ื™ื. ืื ืœื™ืœื“ ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื“ืœืงืช ื‘ืื•ื–ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื›ื•ื ื”, ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืžืชื™ืŸ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื ืœืคื—ื•ืช ืื—ืจื™ ื”ื”ื—ืœืžื” ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื˜ืกื™ื.
  4. ื™ึทืขึถืคึถืช (ื’'ื˜ ืœื’) - ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื˜ืกื™ื ื™ืคืชื—ื• ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ืขืคืช ืจืง ืœืื—ืจ ื—ืฆื™ื™ืช ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ ื–ืžืŸ ืœืคื—ื•ืช. ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืื ืฉื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื—ื•ื•ืช ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืงืœื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืื—ืจ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืงืฆืจื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ืžื•ืฉื’ ื™ืขืคืช ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ืฉืœ ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ืฉืขืœื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ื›ืืฉืจ ืงื™ื™ื ื—ื•ืกืจ ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ืช.

ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ืฉื™ื ื” ื™ื™ืชื›ื ื• ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ:

ืงืฉื™ื™ ืขื™ื›ื•ืœ, ืขืฆื™ืจื•ืช, ืฉืœืฉื•ืœ, ื‘ื—ื™ืœื”, ืื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืชื™ืื‘ื•ืŸ, ืงืฉื™ื™ ืจื™ื›ื•ื–, ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ืชืžืฆืื•ืช , ื—ืจื“ื”, ืขืฆื‘ื ื•ืช, ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ, ื—ื•ืกืจ ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช, ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ืกื—ืจื•ืจ, ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืœ, ื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ ื•ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื—ื•ืœื™ ื›ืœืœื™ืช.

ืœืจื•ื‘ ื™ื™ืžืฉื›ื• ื”ืกื™ืžืคื˜ื•ืžื™ื ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื” ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืžืกืชื’ืœ ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื“ืฉ.

ืฆื™ื™ืจื”: ื ื’ื” ืฉื•ืกื˜ืจ ืฉื™ืœื•ื ื™, ื›ืชื” ื’'

ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™

ืื—ื“ ื”ืžืžืฆืื™ื ื”ืžืคืชื™ืขื™ื ื‘ื—ืงืจ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ื ื”ื•ื ืฉื‘ืžื•ื— ื”ืื“ื ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™, ื”ืื—ืจืื™ ืœืชื–ืžื•ืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ืœืื•ืจืš ื”ื™ืžืžื”. ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื–ื” ืžืชืื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ืœืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื”ืื•ืจ ื•ื”ื—ื•ืฉืš ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ืืš ื”ืชืืžื” ื–ื• ืื•ืจื›ืช ื–ืžืŸ, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืžื”ื™ืจื™ื ื•ื ื™ื›ืจื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžืงืฆื‘ ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืœื—ื•ืกืจ ืชื™ืื•ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ื•ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืชื•ืคืขื” ื”ืžื•ื›ืจืช ืœื ื• ื›ื™ืขืคืช.

ื”ื˜ื‘ืข ื›ื•ืœื• ื—ื™ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ื ื”-ืขืจื•ืช, ื”ืคืจืฉืช ื”ื•ืจืžื•ื ื™ื, ืคืขื™ืžื•ืช ื”ืœื‘, ื”ื ืฉื™ืžื”, ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืฅ ื•ื”ืคืจื™ื—ื”. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื•ืžืจ ื›ื™ ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื ื™ ืกื•ื’ื™ ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ื: ื›ืืœื• ืฉืชืœื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืชื ืื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื™ื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ ื”ื™ื•ื ื•ื”ืœื™ืœื” ืื• ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื”, ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ืฉื”ื ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ื•ืขืฆืžืื™ื™ื.

ื‘ืื“ื ื•ื‘ื™ื•ื ืงื™ื ื”ืžื™ืงื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื’ืจืขื™ืŸ ื”ืกื•ืคืจื”-ื›ื™ืื–ืžื˜ื™, ืืฉืจ ื ืžืฆื ื‘ืฆืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืœืžืงื•ื ื”ื”ืฆื˜ืœื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืขืฆื‘ ื”ืจืื™ื™ื” ื‘ืžื•ื— (ื›ื™ืื–ืžื” ืื•ืคื˜ื™ืช). ื”ื•ื ืžืงื‘ืœ ืžื™ื“ืข ืžื”ืจืฉืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžืฆื‘ื™ ืื•ืจ ื•ื—ื•ืฉืš. ืžื’ืจืขื™ืŸ ื–ื” ืขื•ื‘ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื•ื—ื•ืช ืขืฆื‘ื™ื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ืœื›ืžื” ืื–ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืžื•ื—. ื›ืžื•-ื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžืคืจื™ืฉ ืžื’ื•ื•ืŸ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื™ื ืขืฆื‘ื™ื™ื (ื ื•ื™ืจื•ืคืคื˜ื™ื“ื™ื) ื‘ืงืฆื‘ ืฉืžืฉืชื ื” ืขื ื”ืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื”ื™ืžืžืชื™ืช. ื›ืš, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื‘ืœื•ื˜ืช ื”ืืฆื˜ืจื•ื‘ืœ ืœื”ืคืจื™ืฉ ืžืœื˜ื•ื ื™ืŸ (ื”ื•ืจืžื•ืŸ ืžืฉืจื” ืฉื™ื ื”).

ื‘ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืคืขื” ืžืฆืื• ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ืฉื’ื ืื ื ื™ืงื— ืฆืžื— ื•ื ื›ื ื™ืก ืื•ืชื• ืœืžืขื‘ื“ื” ื•ื‘ื” ื—ืฉื™ื›ื” ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช ื•ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื”, ื”ื•ื ื™ืžืฉื™ืš ืœืคืชื•ื— ื•ืœืกื’ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืคืจื—ื™ื ื‘ืžืงืฆื‘ ืฉืœ 24 ืฉืขื•ืช ืœืขืจืš. ื”ืžืกืงื ื” ืฉืืœื™ื” ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ื”ื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ืื—ืจื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืจื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฆื•ืžื— ื•ื”ื—ื™ ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืขื•ืŸ ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืืฉืจ ืžืืจื’ืŸ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืจื™ืชืžื•ืกื™ื ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ. ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืชื• ื‘ื›ืš ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื›ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื ื• ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืœืงืจื•ืช ืขื•ื“ ื‘ื˜ืจื ื”ื•ืคื™ืขื•.

ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ ืœืœื™ืœื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืฆื”ืจื™ื™ื: ื”ื—ืœ ืžื”ืฉืขื” ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืœืขืจืš ื”ื•ื ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ืื’ื™ืจืช ืกื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืฆื•ืจืช ื’ืœื™ืงื•ื’ืŸ ื•ืžืฆืžืฆื ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืงื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™ืช (ืฉืœ ืคื™ืจื•ืง). ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ื ืžืฉืš ื›-12 ืฉืขื•ืช, ืขื“ ืœืงืจืืช ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืœืคื ื•ืช ื‘ื•ืงืจ, ืื– ื”ื›ื‘ื“ "ืžืฉื ื” ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ" ื•ืžื›ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืœืชืคืงื•ื“ ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืขืจื•ืช, ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ืขื•ื“ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ืฉืžืฉ ืฉืงืขื” ืื• ื–ืจื—ื”.

ื”ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื”ื–ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืชืืžื” ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืื ืื“ื ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœืžืงื•ื ื—ื“ืฉ, ื”ืฉืขื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ ืžืชืื™ื ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ืœืžืงื•ื ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื”ื“ืจื’ืชื™.

ื›ื™ื•ื, ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื ื•ืข ื‘ืžื”ื™ืจื•ืช ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืžืžืงื•ื ืœืžืงื•ื, ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื”ื–ื” ืื™ื˜ื™ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื”ืชืืžื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืžืฉืš ื™ืžื™ื, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ืชื•ืคืขื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื ืคืฉื™ื•ืช ื”ื ืœื•ื•ืช ืœื™ืขืคืช.

ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืžืงืฆื‘ื™ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื

ื”ื˜ื™ืกื” ืคื•ื’ืขืช ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืจื™ืชืžื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื, ืฉืชืคืงื™ื“ื” ืœืื–ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ืช-ื—ื•ืฉื™ืช ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™ืช-ืชื ื•ืขืชื™ืช.

ื‘ื”ืงืฉืจ ื–ื” ื ื–ื›ื™ืจ ื‘ืงืฆืจื” ืฉืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืงื•ื˜ื‘ ืื—ื“ ื‘ืœื‘ื“ (ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™-ื—ื•ืฉื™ ืื• ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™-ืชื ื•ืขืชื™) ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขืœืช ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœย  ืœื’ืจื™ืžืช ืžื—ืœื” ื‘ืฉืœ ื—ื“ ื”ืฆื“ื“ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช. ืœืขื•ืžืช ื–ืืช, ื ืฉื™ืžื” ื•ืกื™ืจืงื•ืœืฆื™ื”, ืฉื”ืŸ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืจื™ืชืžื™ืช, ืžื”ื•ื•ืช ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืžืชืžืฉืš ื•ืžื•ื ืขื•ืช ืžืื—ื“ ื”ืงื˜ื‘ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื ื˜ื™ ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœืžื—ืœื”.

ื”ืจื™ืชืžื•ืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื ื•ื”ื ืฉื™ืžื” ืžืฆืœื™ื—ื™ื ืœื”ืคืจื™ื“ ืืช ื”ืื ืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ืช-ื—ื•ืฉื™ืช ืžืืœื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™ืช-ืชื ื•ืขืชื™ืช. ื‘ืจื’ืข ื‘ื• ื™ืฉื ื” ืคืœื™ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืžืขืจื›ืช ืื—ืช ืœืื—ืจืช ื™ื’ืจื•ื ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืœืžื—ืœื”. ืžืขืจื›ืช ืจื™ืชืžื™ืช ื—ื–ืงื” ื”ื™ื•ืฆืจืช ื”ืคืจื“ื” ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื”ืงื˜ื‘ื™ื ื”ื™ื ืขืจื•ื‘ื” ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื”.

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื›ื™ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืชืžื•ืก ืคื•ื’ืขื•ืช ื’ื ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ืกื•ืŸ: ื”ืคืจืขื” ื‘ืจื™ืชืžื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ื›ืžื• ืฉื™ื ื” ื•ืขืจื•ืช, ืชื ื•ืขื” ื•ื”ืคืจืฉื” ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขื™ื›ื•ืœ ื•ื›ื“ื•ืžื”, ืคื•ื’ืขืช ื‘ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ืกื•ืŸ ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ืžืชื—ื™ื. ืžื›ืืŸ ื”ื“ืจืš ืœืžืฆื‘ื™ ืžื—ืœื” ืงืฆืจื”.

ืขืœ ืคื™ ื”ื‘ื ื” ื–ื• ื™ืขืคืช ื”ื™ื ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืจื™ืชืžื•ืก, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช ืžืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืื• ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืœื”ื–ื™ืง ืœื ื• ื‘ืจืžื” ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ืช, ื”ื’ื•ืคื ื™ืช ื•ื”ื ืคืฉื™ืช.

ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ืชื ื•ืขื” ืคืกื™ื‘ื™ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื•ืฃ, ื›ืžื• ื‘ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช ืื• ื‘ื˜ื™ืกื•ืช, ื’ื•ืจื ืœื›ืžื•ืช ืขืฆื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ื“ืข ืœื”ืฆื™ืฃ ืื•ืชื ื• ืžื‘ืœื™ ืฉื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™ืช-ืชื ื•ืขืชื™ืช, ืฉืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืคืขื™ืœื” ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืœ ื ืกื™ืขื”, ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื•ื•ืช ืžืฉืงืœ ื ื’ื“. ืžืขืจื›ืช ืžื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™ืช ืœื ืคืขื™ืœื” ืžืกืคื™ืง ืื™ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืกืคืง ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื—ื™ื™ื ืœืื•ืจื’ื ื™ื–ื, ื•ืžื›ืืŸ ืชื—ื•ืฉืช ื”ืขื™ื™ืคื•ืช ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ืช ื ืกื™ืขื” ื•ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื ื•ื— ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืคืฉืจ ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื•ืœื™ืช ืœืกืœืง ืืช ื”ืจืขืœื™ื ืฉื ืืกืคื• ื‘ื’ื•ืฃ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื”ืฆืคื” ื—ื•ืฉื™ืช ื•ื—ื•ืกืจ ืชื ื•ืขื”.

ืื™ืš ืžืชื›ื•ื ื ื™ื ืœื ืกื™ืขื”?

ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชื›ื ื ื™ื ื ืกื™ืขื” ืขื ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื”ื›ื ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ื”ืžืชื—ื™ืœื” 3 ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืงื•ื“ื ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื•ื›ื•ืœืœืช:

  1. ย ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื’ื•ืคื ื™ืช ืฉืœ ืฉืขืชื™ื™ื ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื, ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœืžืกื’ืจื•ืช ื‘ื”ื ื”ื™ืœื“ ื ืžืฆื (ื’ืŸ, ื‘ื™"ืก, ื—ื•ื’ื™ื ื•ื›ื•').
  2. ย ืชื–ื•ื ื” ื‘ืจื™ืื” ื•ืžื•ืงืคื“ืช, ืœืœื ืกื•ื›ืจ ื•ืœืœื ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืžืชื•ืขืฉ.
  3. ย ื”ื™ืžื ืขื•ืช ืžืžืกื›ื™ื ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœืฆืžืฆื ื’ื™ืจื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ืช-ื—ื•ืฉื™ืช.
  4. ย ืฉื™ื ื” ืžืกืคืงืช.
  5. ย ืจื™ืชืžื•ืกื™ื ื•ืกื“ืจ ื™ื•ื ืžื•ืงืคื“.

ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ื™ืœื“ ืฆืขื™ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช ื•ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช, ื”ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืจื™ืชืžื™ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื”ืชื‘ืกืกื” ื›ืจืื•ื™ ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ื‘ื›ื•ื‘ื“ ืจืืฉ ื”ืื ื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื‘ืืžืช ื ื—ื•ืฆื”.

ืขื ื”ื—ื–ืจื” ืžื”ื ืกื™ืขื” ื™ืฉ ืœื“ืื•ื’ ืœืžื ื•ื—ื” ืžืกืคืงืช ื•ืœื–ืžืŸ ื”ืกืชื’ืœื•ืช ื ื“ืจืฉ ื•ืœื ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ืžื™ื“ ืœืฉื’ืจื” .

ืžืฆื˜ืจืคื™ื ื‘ืžื‘ืฆืข ืœืขื™ืชื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืื“ื ืฆืขื™ืจ >>> ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื”ื–ืžื ื”

ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช

ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ืืจ ื”ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš ืœื ืชืคื•ืจืกื. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *

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