ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ื’ืœื™ ืื“ืจ

ื’ืœื™ ืื“ืจ, MA, ื™ื•ืขืฆืช ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ืช, ื™ื™ืกื“ื” ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืœื”ื›ืฉืจืช ื™ื•ืขืฆื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื, ืžื ื”ืœืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืœื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ "ืื ื”ื—ื™ื˜ื”", ื•ื›ื•ืชื‘ืช ืกืคืจ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ื—ืงืจ ื”ืงืืจืžื”. mhahita@gmail.com

ื”ื—ื•ืฉื™ื ื‘ื–ึดืงื ื” ื›ืฉืขืจ ืœืžืจื—ื‘ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื

ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื‘ื–ึดืงื ื”, ืขืช ื”ื—ื•ืฉื™ื ื ื—ืœืฉื™ื, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืืชื, ื‘ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ื•ื‘ืชืจื’ื•ืœ ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ืชื•ืš ื”ืชืขืœื•ืช ืืœ ืžื”ื•ืชื• ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ื”ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื—ื•ืฉ, ืœืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื• ื”ืื“ื ืžื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืขืฆืžื• ืœื ืชื™ื ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืœืงื‘ืœื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืื ื™ ื–ืงื ื”

ืžื“ื•ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื”ืžืชื‘ื•ื ื ืช

ื‘ื’ื™ืœ 64 ื”ื‘ื™ื ื” ืจื—ืœ ื’ื•ืœื“ื‘ืœื˜ ืฉื”ื™ื ื–ืงึตื ื”. ื’ืœื™ ืื“ืจ ืžืชื›ืชื‘ืช ืขื ื”ื˜ืงืกื˜ ืฉืœ ืชืœืžื™ื“ืชื” ืจื—ืœ ื•ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืœื”ืชื‘ื•ื ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ื–ืงื ื” ื›ืขืœ ืฉืขืจ ืœืจื•ื— ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืงืืจืžื”: ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืœื—ืงื™ืจื” ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื ืžื—ืงืจื™ื

ยฌยฌยฌืชืงืฆื™ืจ: ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืœืงื˜ื•ืืœื™ืช ื”ืžื•ืคืฉื˜ืช ื”ื™ื ื”ื›ืœื™ ืฉืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืืช ื”ืื ื•ืฉื•ืช ืœืคืขื ื•ื— ืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ, ืืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœื—ื•ืงืจื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื— ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœื”ื•ืกื™ืฃ ืขืœื™ื” ืจื•ื‘ื“ ืฉืœ ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืื™ื ื˜ื•ืื™ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื™ื”.ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืคืชื—ื™ื ืื•ืชื”? ื—ืงื™ืจื” ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืืคื™ืช, ื”ื ืขื–ืจืช ื‘ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืงืืจืžื”, ื”ื™ื ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืฉื ื™ืชื ืช ืœืื“ื ืœืคืชื— ืืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืชื™ื• ืœืžื—ืงืจ ืจื•ื—ื™ ืื™ื ื˜ื•ืื™ื˜ื™ื‘ื™. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ืœื”ืœืŸ ื ื“ื’ื™ื ื–ืืช ืชื•ืš ื”ืชื‘ื•ื ื ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื’'ื•ื–ืคื” ื’ืจื™ื‘ืœื“ื™, ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ืื™ื˜ืœื™ื” ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ืช, ืฉืคืขืœ ืคืขืžื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ืžืชื•ืš ืื™ืžืคื•ืœืกื™ื ืฉื”ืคื›ื•ื”ื• ืœื—ืจื™ื’ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ื‘ื ื™ ืชืงื•ืคืชื•, ืืš ื”ืขื™ื“ื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืขืงื™ืฃ ืขืœ ื’ืœื’ื•ืœื• ื”ืงื•ื“ื ื›ืžืชืงื“ืฉ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื”ืžื“ืข ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื›ืฉืขืจ ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื ืคืฉ ื•ื”ืจื•ื—

ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ืข ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ืžืื– ื”ืžืื” ื”-15 ื”ื‘ื™ืื” ืœื”ื‘ื ื” ื—ืกืจืช ืชืงื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ, ื•ืœืคื™ืชื•ื— ืžื•ืืฅ ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”. ื’ืœื™ ืื“ืจ ื˜ื•ืขื ืช ื›ื™ ืžื™ ืฉื™ืขืžื™ืง ื‘ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ โ€“ ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืžื“ืขื™ื™ื โ€“ ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื’ื ืืช ื”ื ืคืฉ ื•ืืช ื”ืจื•ื— ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืขืœ ื”ื”ืืจื” ื‘ื™ื•ื’ื” ื•ื‘ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื”

ื”ืชืจื’ื•ืœ ื”ื™ื•ื’ื™ ื”ื•ื ื”ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื™ ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ืœื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ืืช "ืฆืขื™ืคื™ ื”ืืฉืœื™ื”" โ€“ ื”ืžืื™ื” โ€“ ื•ื›ืš ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ื”ืืžืช ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ืช, ื”ืืžืช ื”ืงื•ืกืžื™ืช. ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช, ืœืขื•ืžืชื”, ืจื•ืื” ืืช ื”ืžืกืข ื”ืจื•ื—ื™ ื‘ืžื•ื“ืขื•ืช ืœืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืืœื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื™. ื’ืœื™ ืื“ืจ ืขื•ืžื“ืช ืขืœ ื”ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ื”ืžื”ื•ืชื™ื™ื ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื”ืจื•ื—ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื–ืจื— ื•ื”ืžืขืจื‘ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื™ื—ืกื™ื, ืงืืจืžื” ื•ืงืฉืจื™ ื—ื•ื‘

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื›ืคื™ ืฉืื ื• ืžื•ืฆืื™ื ื—ื•ืงื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ื ืคืฉ ื‘ืžื˜ืจื” ืœืจืคื ื“ืคื•ืกื™ื ืฉืœื ืžืฉืจืชื™ืย ืื•ืชื ื• ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœื”ืขืžื™ืง ื‘ื—ืงื™ืจื” ื‘ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื— ื•ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ื•ืช ืœืคื™ื”ย ื ืงื‘ืขื• ื—ื™ื™ื ื• ื•ืืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื, ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืืช ืขืชื™ื“ื ื• ืžืชื•ืš ื—ื•ืคืฉ ื•ืขืจื•ืช >>> ืœืงืจื™ืื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื’ื™ืœ ืืžืฆืข ื”ื—ื™ื™ื: ื”ื“ืจืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืœ ื”ืžื”ื•ืช

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื ืงื•ื“ืช ืืžืฆืข ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื ืื‘ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืœื›ืœ ื”ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช, ืื‘ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืก ืฉืืคื™ื•ื ื• ืžื•ื•ืช ื•ืœื™ื“ื” ืžื—ื“ืฉ. ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื”ื•ืœื›ื™ื ื•ื ื—ืœืฉื™ื ื•ืžืคื ื™ื ืžืงื•ื ืœื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืขืชื™ื“. ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ืœืขืฆืžื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืงื—ืช ืื•ืชื ื• ืœื’ื‘ื”ื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ืจื•ื—, ืืš ื‘ื“ืจืš ืœืฉื ืขืœื™ื ื• ืœืœืžื•ื“ ืืช ืกื•ื“ ื”ื•ื•ื™ืชื•ืจ/ >>> ืœืงืจื™ืื”   ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »