ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜

ื“"ืจ ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜, ืชื•ืฉื‘ ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ, ืžืจืฆื” ื‘ืžื›ืœืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื™, ื™ื•"ืจ ื”ืคื•ืจื•ื ื”ืืจืฆื™ ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ.

ืžื”ื• ื—ืกื ื”ื’ื“ื™ืœื” ื”ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ? ืขืœ ืฉืืœืช ื”ืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ [ืื™ื’ืจืช 305]

ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜ ื•ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ื™ื ืžื”ื›ืฉืจืช ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื“ื•ื“ ื™ืœื™ืŸ, ื‘ืขืช ืกื™ื•ืจ ื‘ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ. ืฆื™ืœื•ื: ืžืฉื™ ืืœื™ื” ืงืžืœ

ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื” ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื‘ืžื“ื“ ื”ื›ืฉืจื•ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืœื ืคืฉ, ื•ืœืžืจื•ืช ื–ืืช ืืœืคื™ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ืœืœืžื•ื“ ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืื™ื ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืžืกืคื™ืง ืžื•ืจื™ื. ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜, ื™ื•"ืจ ื”ืคื•ืจื•ื ื”ืืจืฆื™ ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ื™ื•ืฆื ื‘ืงืจื™ืื”: ืขื–ืจื• ืœื ื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืช ื”ืžื•ืจื™ื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื”ืื ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืžืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ?

ืงื˜ืข ืžื”ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื ืขืจื™ื ื‘ืฉื“ื” / ื—ื™ื” ื’ืจืฅ ืจืŸ

ืคื•ืขืœื™ ืžืคืขืœ ื”ืกื™ื’ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ-ืืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืคื ื• ืœืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืจืฆืื” ืขืœ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืฉื”ืขื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื•ื‘ื™ืงืฉื• ืฉื™ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ืช ืกืคืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื™ืœื“ื™ื”ื. ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ ื ืขื ื” ื‘ืฉืžื—ื” ื•ืจืื” ื‘ื›ืš ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ืœืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื—ื‘ืจืชื™. ืžืื” ืฉื ื™ื ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืืŸ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ืขืช ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืžืฉื’ืฉื’ ืžืฆืคื•ืŸ ืœื“ืจื•ื - ื”ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ืขื“ื™ื ืœืชื—ื™ืœืชื• ืฉืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื—ื‘ืจืชื™? ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืขืœ ืฉืืœืช ื”ืฉื•ืื” ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื‘ื”ื•ืจืื”

ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ื›ืžืขื˜ ื•ืื™ืŸ ื ื•ืฉื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืขื™ืกื•ืง ืžืืฉืจ ื”ื•ืจืืช ื”ืฉื•ืื”. ื–ื• ืžืฆื™ื‘ื” ืœืžื—ื ื›ื™ื ืืชื’ืจื™ื ืจื’ืฉื™ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืจืžื” ื”ืื™ืฉื™ืช ื•ืขื“ ื”ืจืžื” ื”ืœืื•ืžื™ืช. ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜ ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื—ืฉื•ืฃ ืืช ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืœืฉืืœื•ืช ื”ืจื•ืข ื”ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื’ื™ืœื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื”ื›ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื”ืกื›ื ืขื ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš: ืื™ื’ืจืช ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ืžืื“ ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜, ื™ื•"ืจ ื”ืคื•ืจื•ื ื”ืืจืฆื™ ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ [ืื™ื’ืจืช 239]

ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืื‘ื™ื‘

ืฉื‘ื•ืข ืฉืขื‘ืจ ืื™ืฉืจื” ืžื ื›"ืœื™ืช ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš, ื’ื‘ืจืช ืžื™ื›ืœ ื›ื”ืŸ, ืืช ื”ื”ืกื›ื ืฉืœ ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื•ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื“ืžื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื ืขื ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš. ืœื”ืขืจื›ืชื™ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืื™ืจื•ืข ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืชื ื•ืขืช ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ืืจืฅ. ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืžื›ื™ืจ ืจืฉืžื™ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืชื•ืงืฃ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื•ื‘ืื™ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ื ื•ืฉื ื‘ื—ื•ื‘ื• ื”ืŸ ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขืฆืžื ื”ืžืชื—ื ื›ื™ื ื‘ื• ื•ื”ืŸ ืœืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื‘ื›ืœืœื•ืชื”. ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื˜ื•ืœ ืงื•ืจื” – ืžืืžืจ ืชื’ื•ื‘ื”

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื˜ื•ืœ ืงื•ืจื” : ื’ื ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืคื’ื•ืฉย ืืช ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืžืชื™ื™ื’ืช, ื”ืžืฉื•ื•ื” ื•ื”ืžืงื˜ืœื’ืช; ื’ื ืืฆืœื ื• ื™ืฉ ื˜ื‘ืœืื•ืช, ืงืจื™ื˜ืจื™ื•ื ื™ื ื•ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืžื›ืœื™ืœื•ืช ืฉืžืคืกืคืกื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื™ื ื“ื™ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืืœย ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืœื“. ื”ืจื™ ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื•ืืชื’ืจื™ื• ื ืžืฆืื™ืย ื‘ืชื•ื›ื ื•, ืืš ื›ืš ื’ื ื”ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืœืžื—ืœื•ืช ืืœื•. ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืช ืžืืžืจื• ืฉืœ ื”ื ื™ื’ ืงื”ืœืจ "ืžื“ื•ืขย ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื ืžืชืงื“ืฉื™ื" [ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื, ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ 35] ืžืืช: ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜ >>> ืœื”ืžืฉืš ืงืจื™ืื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื›ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืจื•ื—ื ื™

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

"ืจื•ื—", "ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช", "ืจื•ื—ื™ื•ืช" ื”ื™ื ื ืžื•ืฉื’ื™ื ืœื ืงืœื™ื ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื” ื•ืœืืคื™ื•ืŸ. ื›ืœ ืืคื™ื•ืŸ ื™ื’ื–ื•ืจ ื’ื ืขืœ ื”ื–ื™ืงื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจื•ื—ื ื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ืš. ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜ ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืืช ื’ื™ืฉืช ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื“ืจืš ื–ื•ื•ื™ืช ื”ื”ืชื‘ื•ื ื ื•ืช ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช. "ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื" ืžื‘ื™ื ืœื›ื ืืช ืžืจื›ื– ื”ืžืืžืจ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื. "ืื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื›ืš ืฉื ื–ืจื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื ื• ืžืชื•ืš ืขื•ืœื ื”ืจื•ื— ืืช ืžื” ืฉื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืจื•ื—ื™-ื ืคืฉื™ ื•ื’ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืคื™ื–ื™-ื’ื•ืคื ื™ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืชื”ื•ื•ืช ื›ืื“ื ื‘ืชื•ื›ื ื•" ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืžื’ื“ืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ืจื™ืื™ื?

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืžื—ืงืจ ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืžืกื•ื’ื• ืชื•ืžืš ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื“ื‘ืจื™ื• ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ, ืฉื™ืฉื ืŸ ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืืจื•ื›ื•ืชย ื˜ื•ื•ื— ืœืื•ืคืŸ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ื”ื™ืœื“ ื‘ืขืฉื•ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื•ื”ืฉื ื™ ืœื—ื™ื™ื•; ืขืœ ื”ืงืฉืจ ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช. ืžื” ืฉื”ื™ืœื“ ืžืงื‘ืœ ืืœ ืชื•ืš ื ืคืฉื• ื‘ืฉื ื•ืชย ื”ื™ืœื“ื•ืช ืžืชื’ืœื” ื‘ื‘ื’ืจื•ืช ื›ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ื’ื•ืคื ื™ืชย ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืื• ืœืžื—ืœื”... ื–ืืช ืžืฉื•ื ืฉืืฆืœย ื”ื™ืœื“ ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื›ืœ ื“ื—ืฃ ื ืคืฉื™ ืœืžืงืฆื‘ ื ืฉื™ืžื”ย ื‘ืจื™ื ืื• ื—ื•ืœื”, ืœื–ืจื™ืžืช ื“ื ืขื ื ื˜ื™ื™ื”ย ืœื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืื• ืžื—ืœื”, ืœืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืขื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื”ย ืื• ื—ื•ืœื”. ืžื” ... ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืชื—ืช ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืกืงื•ืค

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืื™ื–ื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืœืชืงื•ืคืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ? ืื™ืš ื”ื ืชื•ืคืกื™ื ืืช ื“ืจืš ื”ืœื™ืžื•ื“? ืžื” ื”ื ื—ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืฉืชืชืคื•ืชื ื‘ื”ืฆื’ื•ืช? ืขืœ ืฉืืœื•ืช ืืœื” ื•ืขื•ื“ ืžื ืกื” ืœืขื ื•ืช ืžื—ืงืจ ื—ื“ืฉ. ืœืงืจื™ืื” ืœื—ืฆื• >> ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ 23 ื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืชื—ืช ื”ืžื™ืงืจื•ืกืงื•ืค ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœืฉืžื™ื“ื˜ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžืจื—ื‘ ืคื™ื–ื™ ื‘ืจื•ื— ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš – ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืžื‘ื ื” ื’ืŸ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื”ืื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืื™ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฆื•ืจื”, ื—ื•ืžืจ ื•ืฆื‘ืข ืœืขืจื›ื™ื ื•ืœืชืคื™ืกื•ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ื•ืช? ื’ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ ืฉื•ืืฃ ืœืฉืžืจ ืืช ื›ื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ื™ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืืกื˜ืชื™ืช ืจืื•ื™ื” ืœื—ื™ืงื•ื™. ืœืงืจื™ืื” ืœื—ืฆื• >> ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ 20 ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืžืจื—ื‘ ืคื™ื–ื™ ื‘ืจื•ื— ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื“ืจื•ืจ ืฆื•ืจ ื•ื’ืœืขื“ ื’ื•ืœื“ืฉืžื™ื“ื˜   ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ – ื”ืฉืืœื•ืช ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ – ื—ืœืง ื‘'

ื”ืžืฉืš ืœืžืืžืจ ืฉืžื ืกื” ืœืขื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืฉืืœื•ืช ื”ืคื•ืคื•ืœืืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืื ืฉื™ื ื”ืžืชืขื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ. ืœืงืจื™ืืช ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžืืžืจ ืœื—ืฆื• ื›ืืŸ>> 11. ืžื” ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื‘ื’ืŸ ื‘ืจื•ื— ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ? ื’ื™ืœ ื”ื’ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื”ื’ื™ืœ ื”ืชื ื•ืขืชื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ืช; ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ืขื•ืฉื™ื, ืคื•ืขืœื™ื, ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ื•ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื. ื”ื ืžื—ืงื™ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื•ื‘ืจื™ืื” ืืช ืžืขืฉื™ ื”ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื. ื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืื•ืชื” ืจื•ืื™ื ื•ื—ื•ื•ื™ื ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžื—ื•ืฅ ืœื”ื ื”ื•ืคื›ืช ื›ืš ืœืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืคื ื™ืžื™ืช ... ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »