ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ื ื•ืขื ืฉืจื•ืŸ

ื ื•ืขื ืฉืจื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื”ืžื•"ืœ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืฆืืช ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื

ืžืกืข ืงืฆืช ืื—ืจ- ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืขื•ืจื›ื™ื- ื’ืœื™ื•ืŸ 56

ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืขื•ืจืš ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืžื–ื•ืžืจ ืœื–ืžืจืช-ื™ื”: ืกื™ืคื•ืจื• ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ื“ืชื™-ื‘ืจื•ื—-ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื”ืคื•ืขืœ ื‘ืจืžืช-ื’ืŸ

ืฆื™ื•ืจ ืœื•ื— ื‘ื™ืช ืกืคืจ ื–ืžืจืช-ื™ื”, ื‘ื™ืช ืกืคืจ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ื“ืชื™ ื‘ืจืžืช ื’ืŸ. ืฆื™ืœื•ื ื‘ืื“ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืจืŸ ืื”ืจื•ื ื™

"ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ ืžื”ืฉื•ืจืฉ" ื”ื•ื ืฉื ืงื•ื“ ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื“ืชื™ ื”ืžืชื‘ืกืก ืขืœ ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช โ€“ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ. ื–ืจื ื–ื” ื ืžืฆื ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื”, ืื•ืœื ื”ื™ื•ื–ืžื” ื”ืฆืขื™ืจื” ื”ืคื•ืขืœืช ื‘ืœื‘ ื’ื•ืฉ ื“ืŸ ื–ืงื•ืงื” ืœืขื–ืจืช ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืขื•ืจื›ื™ื- ื’ืœื™ื•ืŸ 55- ืื•ื˜ื™ื–ื

ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืขื•ืจืš ืžื’ื–ื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื

ื”ืื•ื˜ื™ื–ื ื”ื™ื ืชื•ืคืขื” ื—ื“ืฉื” ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ืฉืื•ื‘ื—ื ื” ื•ืงื™ื‘ืœื” ืฉื ื›ืขืฉืจื™ื ืฉื ื” ืื—ืจื™ ืžื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ. ื”ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื•ืช ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช ืœืื•ื˜ื™ื–ื ื”ื™ื ืืคื•ื ืžืงืจื” ื‘ื•ื—ืŸ ืœื™ื›ื•ืœืชื” ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ื ื“ื‘ืš ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืœ ื™ื“ืข ื•ืคืจืงื˜ื™ืงื” ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืฉื”ื ื™ื— ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ, ืืš ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ื™ื” ืž"ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ ืืžืจ". ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื”ื™ื ืžืฆืœื™ื—ื”? ืงืจืื• ืืช ื”ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ื™ื•ื•ื›ื—ื• ื‘ืขืฆืžื›ื. ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืกื™ืžืŸ ืฉืืชื” ื–ืงืŸ: ื›ื ืก ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื™ื ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืžืกื•ื’ื• ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืคื’ืืกื•ืก, ืชืขื•ื–. ืฆื™ืœื•ื:ืื•ืจื™ ื›ื”ืŸ

ื”ื—ืœื•ืงื” ื‘ื™ืŸ "ื–ืงื ื™ื" ื•"ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื" ื‘ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ืžื’ื™ืขื” ืื—ื•ืจื” ืขื“ ืœื™ืžื™ื• ืฉืœ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ. ื›ื ืก ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื ืฉืขื•ืžื“ ืœื”ืชืงื™ื™ื ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื”ื‘ื ืžื›ื ื™ืก ืืช ื”ืฉื™ื— ื”ื–ื” ื’ื ืœืœืงืกื™ืงื•ืŸ ืฉืœื ื•, ื•ืžืขื™ื“ ืขืœ ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ ื”ื”ื‘ืฉืœื” ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจืช ื”ืงื”ื™ืœื” ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช ื‘ืืจืฅ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื‘ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืช ื‘ืฆืจื•ืจื•ืช: ืžืงื‘ืฅ ืขื“ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืžืฉืžื—ื™ื

ืขืœ ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื ื• ื‘ืื™ื’ืจืช ื”ืฆื˜ื‘ืจ ืžื™ื“ืข ืžืฉืžื— ืฉืคืฉื•ื˜ ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืฉืชืฃ. ืชืงืจืื• ื•ืื•ืœื™ ืชืžืฆืื• ืืช ืขืฆืžื›ื ื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืœื—ืœืง ืžื”ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื›ืฉื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืขื•ืฉื” ื‘ื•ืฉื•ืช

ืžื“ื•ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื”ืžืชื‘ื•ื ื ืช

ืฉื‘ืขื™ื ืฉื ื” ืœืžื“ื™ื ืช ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ื•ื–ืืช ื”ื–ื“ืžื ื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืœืฉืื•ืœ: ื”ืื ืœื™ืœื“ ื”ื–ื” ื”ืชืคืœืœื ื•? ืขืœ ืžื” ืžื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ืจืฆืœ, ื–'ื‘ื•ื˜ื™ื ืกืงื™, ื‘ืŸ ื’ื•ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื•ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืจืœืžื ื˜ ืฉืœ ืžืขืœื”? ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืจื’ืขื™ื ืžื›ื•ื ื ื™ื ื‘ื”ืชื’ืฉืžื•ืช ื”ืื ื™: ืงืฉืจ ื”ื™ืจื— ื‘ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื” ืฉืœ ืž.ืง. ื’ื ื“ื”ื™

ืž.ืง. ื’ื ื“ื”ื™, ืฉืžืŸ ืขืœ ืงื ื•ื•ืก. ืฆื™ื™ืจื”: ืจืขื•ืช ื‘ืœื•ืš

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื“ื”, ื”ืื“ื – ืคืชืจื•ื ื”

ืื™ื•ืจ ืฉืขืจ ื›ืจืš ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ: ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” ืงื‘ื•ืฆืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืืžื ื•ืช ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช [ืื™ื’ืจืช 292]

ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช

ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื‘ื—ื•ื’ื™ื ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื™ื ืžืชืงื™ื™ื ื“ื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ืฉืืœื” ื”ืื ื™ืฉ ื“ื‘ืจ ื›ื–ื” "ืืžื ื•ืช ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช", ื’ืœืจื™ื” ื˜ืœ ื‘ื›ืคืจ ื•ืจื“ื™ื ื™ื–ืžื” ื•ื”ืงื™ืžื” ืชืขืจื•ื›ื” ืงื‘ื•ืฆืชื™ืช ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืืžื ื™ื ื”ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื”. ื™ืฆื ืืกืชื˜ื™ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืœืคืชื•ื— ืืช ื”ืงื•ืคืกื ื•ืืช ื”ืœื‘: ื”ืคื ื™ื ื’ ืœืฉื™ืงื•ื ื ื–ืงื™ ื”ืฉืจื™ืคื” ื‘ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ [ืื™ื’ืจืช 290]

ืฉืจื™ืคื” ืฉืคืจืฆื” ื‘ื”ืจื“ื•ืฃ ื›ื™ืœืชื” ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื—ืกืŸ ื”ืชืคืื•ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืชืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ื”ืžื™ืœื”. ื”ื”ืฆื’ื” ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืฉื ื™ืฆืœื”, "ืœืคืชื•ื— ืืช ื”ืงื•ืคืกื", ืชืคืชื— ื™ื•ื ื”ืชื’ื™ื™ืกื•ืช ืงื”ื™ืœืชื™ ืœืฉื™ืงื•ื ืชืคืื•ืจืช ื”ืชืื˜ืจื•ืŸ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »