ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ืคื˜ืจ ื”ื•ื™ื–ืจ

ื”ืฉืคืขืช ื”ืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืขืœ ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื’ืจื•ืช: ืžื—ืงืจ ื—ืชืš ืจื‘-ืžืจื›ื–ื™

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื ืžื—ืงืจื™ื

ืชืงืฆื™ืจ:ย ืจืงืข-ย ย ืžืฉืขืจื™ื ืฉืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืžื“ื• ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ, ืฉืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืชื™ื”ื ื”ืคื“ื’ื•ื’ื™ื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื ืคืฉื™ืช ื•ื’ื•ืคื ื™ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื”, ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื™ื”ื ื•ืช ืžื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื™ื ืœื˜ื•ื•ื— ื”ืืจื•ืš. ื‘ืžื—ืงืจ ื‘ื“ืงื ื• ืื ื”ื™ื• ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืžื“ื• ื›ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ื’ืจืžื ื™ื” ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืžื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช. ื‘ื“ืงื ื• ื’ื ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืฉืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืกื‘ื™ืจ ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ื ืืœื”. ืฉื™ื˜ื•ืช:ื‘ืžื—ืงืจ ื ื›ืœืœื• ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืžื“ื• ื‘ืืจื‘ืขื” ื‘ืชื™ ืกืคืจ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ โ€“ ื‘ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ, ื”ื ื•ื‘ืจ, ื ื™ืจื ื‘ืจื’ ื•ืฉื˜ื•ื˜ื’ืจื˜ โ€“ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ื‘ืงืจื” ืฉื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ื‘ื” ื ื‘ื—ืจื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืืงืจืื™.ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉืืœื•ืŸ ืœื“ื™ื•ื•ื— ืขืฆืžื™ ื‘ื—ื ื• ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืกื•ืฆื™ื•-ื“ืžื•ื’ืจืคื™ื™ื ื•ื›ืŸ ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ื™ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื”ื•ื•ื”. ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืชื‘ืกืกื• ืขืœ ื“ื™ื•ื•ื—ื™ื-ืขืฆืžื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื—ืก ืœ-16 ืžื—ืœื•ืช: ืืกืชืžื” ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ืจ (ืื˜ื•ืคื™ืงื“ืจืžื˜ื™ื˜ื™ืก), ื ื–ืœืช ืืœืจื’ื™ืช, ืžื—ืœืช ืจื™ืื•ืช ื—ืกื™ืžืชื™ืช ื›ืจื•ื ื™ืช (COPD), ื”ืคืจืขืช ืงืฆื‘, ืื™-ืกืคื™ืงืช ืœื‘, ืชืขื•ืงืช ื—ื–ื” (ืื ื’ื™ื ื” ืคืงื˜ื•ืจื™ืก), ื˜ืจืฉืช ืขื•ืจืงื™ื, ื™ืชืจ ืœื—ืฅ ื“ื, ื›ื•ืœืกื˜ืจื•ืœ ื’ื‘ื•ื”, ื“ืœืงืช ืžืคืจืงื™ื ื ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ืช (ืื•ืกื˜ื™ืื•ืืจืชืจื™ื˜ื™ืก), ืฉื™ื’ืจื•ืŸ, ืกืจื˜ืŸ, ืกื•ื›ืจืช, ื“ื™ื›ืื•ืŸ ื•ื˜ืจืฉืช ื ืคื•ืฆื”. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ื”ืžืฉืชืชืคื™ื ื“ื™ืจื’ื• ืืช ื ื˜ืœ ื”ืชืกืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืฉืœ ืชืกืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืื‘ื™ ื’ื‘, ื”ืฆื˜ื ื ื•ืช, ื›ืื‘ื™ ืจืืฉ, ื ื“ื•ื“ื™ ืฉื™ื ื”, ื›ืื‘ื™ ืžืคืจืงื™ื, ืชืกืžื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ืขื™ื›ื•ืœ ื•ื—ื•ืกืจ ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ. ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื›ืœ ืชื•ืฆืื” ื—ื•ืฉื‘ื• ื™ื—ืกื™ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ื (OR)ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื ื•ืœื ืžื•ืชืืžื™ื. ืžืกืงื ื•ืช: ืœื ื ืžืฆื ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžื—ืœื•ืช ืฉื ื‘ื“ืงื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืžื“ื• ื‘ื‘ืชื™-ืกืคืจ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ื›ืœื•ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช, ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืชืืžื” ืœืžืฉืชื ื™ื ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื™ื-ื›ืœื›ืœื™ื™ื, ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ืœื“ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื”ื•ื•ื”, ืืš ื“ื•ื•ื— ืขืœ ืจืžื” ื ืžื•ื›ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื ื˜ืœ ืชืกืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืงืฉืจ ืœืชืœื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ื”ื•ื•ื” ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืœืžื“ื• ื‘ื‘ืชื™-ืกืคืจ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ. ืืช ื”ืžืžืฆืื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœืคืจืฉ ื‘ื–ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืœืื•ืจ ืื•ืคื™ื• ื”ื ื™ืกื™ื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื ื™ืชื•ื— ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื. ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »