ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™

ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™, ื™ืœื™ื“ ื™ืจื•ืฉืœื™ื 1952. ืžืžื™ื™ืกื“ื™ ื›ืคืจ ืจืคืืœ. 2003 โ€” 2016 ื ื™ื”ืœ ืžื•ืกื“ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ืœืื ืฉื™ื ืขื ืฆืจื›ื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ. ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ื”ืจืฆืื•ืช ื•ืกืžื™ื ืจื™ื, ื”ื•ืจืื” ื•ืคืจืกื•ืžื™ื ื‘ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ื™ื ื•ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื.

ืึถืœึถื” ืงึธืจื™ ืคื™ื ืช ื”ืจืžื‘"ืŸ

ืžื™ ืฉื‘ื™ืœื“ื•ืชื• ื’ื“ืœ ื‘ืคื™ื ืช ืจื—ื•ื‘ ื”ืจืžื‘"ืŸ ื•ืขืœ ื”ืกืคืจ ืึถืœึถื” ืงึธืจื™, ืžื•ืฆื ืืช ืขืฆืžื• ื‘ื‘ื’ืจื•ืชื• ื ื™ืฉื ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืœื—ื•ื’ ื”ืงื•ื˜ื‘ ื•ื“ืจื•ืžื” ืืœ ื—ื•ืคื™ ื”ืื•ืงื™ื™ื ื•ืก ื”ืื˜ืœื ื˜ื™ โ€“ ื•ืœื”ืคืชืขืชื• ื”ื•ื ืžื’ืœื”, ืฉื’ื•ืจืœ ื”ืœืคื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื“ื™ื” ืžื—ื–ื™ืจ ืื•ืชื• ืืœ ื”ื‘ื“ื•ื•ื™ื ื‘ื ื’ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืจื ื™ื ื‘ืคื•ืจื˜ื•ื’ืœ ื“ืžื™ื•ื ื• ื”ืคืจื•ืข ืžืฉืœื™ื ืืช ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืงืง"ืœ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืื•ื˜ื™ื–ื: ืจืื™ ืœื—ื‘ืจื” ื‘ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืชื•ื“ืขื”?

ืžืงื˜ืข ืžืชื•ืš ืฆื™ื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืขื™ืœื™, ื“ื™ื™ืจ ื‘ื›ืคืจ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ. ืฆื‘ืข ื•ื˜ื•ืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื ื™ื™ืจ

ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™, ืžืžื™ื™ืกื“ื™ ื›ืคืจ ืจืคืืœ, ื ื™ื”ืœ ื‘ืžืฉืš 13 ืฉื ื™ื ืžื•ืกื“ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ืœืื ืฉื™ื ืขื ืฆืจื›ื™ื ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ. ื‘ืžืืžืจ ืžืงื™ืฃ ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืžืกืคืจ ืขืœ ืžืคื’ืฉื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ื™ื ืขื ืื ืฉื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืกืคืงื˜ืจื•ื ื•ืžืฆื™ืข ื–ื•ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืชื‘ื•ื ื ื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืื•ื˜ื™ืกื˜ื™: ื”ื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช, ื”ื ืจื•ืื™ื ืงื•ืœื•ืช. ื”ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื "ืœื ืจืžืœ" ืื•ืชื? ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืœื ืžืื›ื™ืœ ื™ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืคืืจืง

ืื™ืš ืœื”ื–ื“ืงืŸ ื ื›ื•ืŸ? ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™ ืžืฉืชืฃ ืื•ืชื ื• ื‘ื”ืจื”ื•ืจื™ื ืื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ื’ื™ืœ, ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ ื”ื”ื–ื“ืงื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื–ืงื ื” ืขืฆืžื” ืžื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžื‘ื˜ ืื™ืฉื™ืช, ื•ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื™ื“ืข ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืืœ ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืงื•ืกืžื•ืก

ืืœ ืชืฉืืœื• ืžื” ืœื ื• ื”ื›ื•ื›ื‘ื™ื, ืฉืืœื• ืื™ืš ื”ื ืžืฉืงืคื™ื ืื•ืชื ื• - ืขืœ ื”ืงื•ืกืžื•ืก ื›ืจืื™ ืœื’ื•ืคื•, ื ืคืฉื• ื•ืจื•ื—ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืขืœ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื ื•ืœื ื’ืจืžื ื™ื

ื—ื•ืžืช ื‘ืจืœื™ืŸ ื›ื™ื•ื

ืžื”ื™ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื”? ืžื”ื™ ื”ื’ืจืžื ื™ื•ืช? ืžื™ ื”ื ื”ื’ืจืžื ื™ื? ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™, ืฉื—ื™ ืขืœ ื”ืฆื•ืžืช ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื”, ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ ื•ื™ืฉืจืืœ, ืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ ื”ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืื™ื ื” ืžืคืชื™ืขื”: ืื™ืŸ ื’ืจืžื ื™ื” ืื—ืช ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื‘ื ืคืฉื ื• ื”ื™ื

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืคืชื— ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ืœื”ื“ื—ื™ืง ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื ืคืฉื™, ื”ืจื’ืฉื™ ื•ื”ื‘ื™ืŸึพืื™ืฉื™ ื•ื›ืœ ื–ืืช ื‘ืฉื โ€œื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืชื•ื“ืขื”โ€. ื›ืš ื™ื’ืจืžื• ื ื–ืง ืœืขืฆืžื ื•ืœื–ื•ืœืชื ื•ื™ื—ื˜ื™ืื• ืืช ื™ื™ืขื•ื“ื ืžืืช: ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™ >>> ืœืงืจื™ืืช ื”ืžืืžืจ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืงืืจืžื” ื‘ืžื•ืกื“ ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœื™

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื‘ืžื•ืกื“ื•ืช ืœื‘ืขืœื™ ื ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ื™ื•ืช, ื”ืžื˜ืคืœ ืžื—ืœื™ื˜ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ืžืชื™ ืœืงื•ื, ืžืชื™ ืœืฉื›ื‘ ืœื™ืฉื•ืŸ, ืžืชื™ ื•ืžื” ืื•ื›ืœื™ื, ืžืชื™ ื—ื•ื’ื’ื™ื, ืžืชื™ ื ืคื’ืฉื™ื ื•ืžืชื™ ื ืคืจื“ื™ื โ€” ื‘ืœื™ ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืื•ืชื• ืžื” ื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื”. ื”ืžื˜ืคืœ ื›ื•ืคื” ืขืœ ื”ืžื˜ื•ืคืœ ืื•ืจื— ื—ื™ื™ื ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™, ื•ื–ืืช ื‘ืฉื ื”ืงืืจืžื” ื”ืžืฉื•ืชืคืช ืฉืœ ืฉื ื™ื”ื. ืœืžื”, ื‘ืขืฆื? ืžืืช: ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™ >>> ืœื”ืžืฉืš ืงืจื™ืื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื’ื‘ื™ืจื•ืชื™ื™ ื•ืจื‘ื•ืชื™, ืžื”ืคืš

ืžื” ื—ื“ืฉ ื‘ื—ื•ื’ ื”"ืคื•ืจืฉื˜ื ื“" - ื”ื ื”ืœืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช ื”ื›ืœืœื™ืช? ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžืชืžื•ื“ื“ืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจื” ืขื ื”ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ื”ืชื•ื“ืขืชื™ื™ื ืฉืžื‘ื™ืื™ื ืขืžื ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื ืฆืขื™ืจื™ื? ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™ ืฉื•ื—ื— ืขื ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื‘ืขืœื™ ืชืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ื›ื™ืจื™ื ื‘ื’ืชืื ื•ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ืจืจ ืืช ื”ืคื•ืœื™ื˜ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื”, ื•ื”ืื ื“ื•ืจื ืืš ื”ื™ืฉื ื” ื•ื”ืฉืžืจื ื™ืช ืžื’ื™ืขื” ืืœ ืงืฆื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื”ืกืฃ ื”ื•ื ืื ื™

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ื’ื ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช ื•ื’ื ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœื™ื ืืช ื”ืื“ื ื‘ืžืกืข ืจื•ื—ื ื™, ืืš ื‘ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื”ื“ืจืš ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ืื“ื ื”ื™ื ืื™ื ื“ื™ื•ื•ื™ื“ื•ืืœื™ืช โ€“ ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืื—ื™ื“ื™ื. ื•ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœ"ื ืขืฉื” ื•ื ืฉืžืข" ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื”ื“ื•ืช, ืื™ืŸ ื›ืœืœื™ ื”ืชื ื”ื’ื•ืช ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื™ื ืื• ื›ื ื™ืขื” ืœืกืžื›ื•ืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ืื• ืจื•ื—ื ื™ืช. ื›ื‘ื ื™ย ืื“ื ื”ืžืชื‘ื•ื ื ื™ื ื‘ืขื•ืœื, ื ื˜ื•ืขื” ื‘ื ื• ื ื˜ื™ื™ื” ืœืจืื•ืชื• ื›ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช. ื”ืขื•ืœื ืฉื ื’ืœื” ืœื—ื•ืฉื™ื ืžื’ืœื” ืจื‘ื“ื™ื ื•ืžืžื“ื™ ืขื•ืžืง ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ื•ืฉื•ื ื™ื. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืฉื›ื‘ื” "ืขืœื™ื•ื ื”" ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืš ื”ื™ื ... ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื”, ืจืฆื•ืŸ ื•ืจื’ืฉ – ืชืจื’ื™ืœ ืกืคืจื•ืชื™ ื‘ื”ืคืขืœืชื

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืขืœ ืกืคืจื• ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืจื•ืŸ ืื”ืจื•ื ื™, ืžืชืžื˜ื™ืงื”, ืฉื™ืจื” ื•ื™ื•ืคื™, ื”ื•ืฆืืช ื”ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ ื”ืžืื•ื—ื“, 2008. ืœืงืจื™ืื” ืœื—ืฆื• >> ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ืŸ 1 ืกืคืจื™ื ืื•ื“ื™ ืœื•ื™ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »