ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ืกื˜ืคื ื™ ืืœื•ืŸ

ืกื˜ืคื ื™ ืืœื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื’ื ืช ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื•ืชื™ืงื”, ื•ืžื ื—ื” ื‘ื”ื›ืฉืจื•ืช ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ืฉืœ ื”ื’ื™ืœ ื”ืจืš ื‘ืืจืฅ ื•ื‘ืขื•ืœื

ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ืžื•ื ื’ื•ืœื™ื”

ืขืฉืจื” ื™ืžื™ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื‘ืฉื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ืืœื•ืื ื‘ืื˜ืจ, ืžื•ื ื’ื•ืœื™ื”, ืขื ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ื™ื ื•ืกื˜ื•ื“ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืฉื”ื›ื™ืจื• ืืช ื”ืžื•ืฉื’ "ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ" ืจืง ืžื’ื•ื’ืœ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืืจื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™-ื ืจืื”: ืžืœืื›ื•ืช ื”ื›ืคื™ื™ื ื‘ื’ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื

ื”ืžืœืื›ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื ื™ ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื ืขืฉื•ืช ืžืชื•ืš ืชืคื™ืกืช ืขื•ืœื ืจื—ื‘ื” ืฉื‘ื•ื—ื ืช ืืช ืฆืจื›ื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื™ืœื“ ื•ื™ืœื“ ื•ืžืกื™ื™ืขื•ืช ืœื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ืฃ ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ ื•ื”ืืชืจื™ ืฉืœื•. ืกื˜ืคื ื™ ืืœื•ืŸ ื•ืžื™ืจื™ ืžืชืชื™ื” ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื™ื—ื“ ืขืœ ืฉืืœื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืงืฉืจ ืœืžืœืื›ื•ืช ื”ื›ืคื™ื™ื ื‘ื’ืŸ ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

5 ืฉืืœื•ืช ืขื ืกื˜ืคื ื™ ืืœื•ืŸ

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืกื˜ืคื ื™ ืืœื•ืŸ ื ื•ืœื“ื” ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ ื‘-1946 ืœืžืฉืคื—ื” ืขื ืžืกื•ืจืช ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช ืืจื•ื›ื”. ืขื ื’ืžืจ ืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ื” ื‘ืดืกืžื™ื ืจ ืœืžื•ืจื™ืืด ืขื‘ื“ื” ื‘ืฉื•ื•ื™ืฅ ื‘ื”ื•ืจืื” ื•ื‘ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืžื™ื•ื—ื“. ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ื–ื• ื”ื•ื ื—ื• ื”ื™ืกื•ื“ื•ืช ืœืงืฉืจ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื” ืขื ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ. ื‘-1967ย ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืœืžืชื ื“ื‘ืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ืกืขื“ ื•ื”ืงื™ืžื” ืขื ืจื•ืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืžืŸ ืืช "ื‘ื™ืช ืจืคืืœ", ืื’ืฃ ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื”ืžื•ืกื“ ืดืฉืขืจ ืžื ืฉื”ืด. ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื—ื–ืจื” ืœื’ืจืžื ื™ื” ืœื”ืžืฉืš ืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ื ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ... ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »