ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืชื‘ื•ืช ืžืืช ืžืขืจื›ืช ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื

ื‘ืฉืขื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” – ื–ืจื ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ื”ื•ื›ืจ ื›ื–ืจื ืžืžืœื›ืชื™

ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื™ื ื›ื™ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืœื• ืืช ื”ื›ืจืช ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš, ืชื•ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืžื™ืจื” ืขืœ ืฆื‘ื™ื•ื ื ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™. ืžื˜ืจืช ื”ื”ืกื›ื ื”ื™ื ื” ืœื”ืขื ื™ืง ืœืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืฉืœื™ื˜ื” ื‘ืžืชืจื—ืฉ ื‘ื‘ืชื™ ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื, ืืฉืจ ืฆื•ืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืฉื ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื—ืกืจ ืชืงื“ื™ื, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื•ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืžื‘ืงืฉื™ื ืœื”ืขื ื™ืง ืืœื˜ืจื ื˜ื™ื‘ื” ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ืช ืœื‘ืชื™ ื”ืกืคืจ ื”ืขื™ืจื•ื ื™ื™ื™ื.   ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ – ืงื•ื•ื™ื ืœื“ืžื•ืชื•

ื‘ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื™ื“

ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ - ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช ืœื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ ื ืงืจื ืœืžืขืฉื” ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ ื•ื”ื•ื ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ืš. ื”ื•ื ืฉื ืืช ื”ื™ืœื“ ื‘ืžืจื›ื– ื•ืžื ืกื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉืœื‘ ืœื”ื’ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืืช ื”"ืžื–ื•ืŸ" ื”ื—ื™ื ื•ื›ื™ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืชื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื•ื ื ืžืฆื. ืชื™ืื•ืจื™ืช ื”ื”ืชืคืชื—ื•ืช ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ืช, ืคืจื™ ื”ื’ื•ืชื• ื•ืžื—ืงืจื• ื”ืจื•ื—ื™ ืฉืœ ื“"ืจ ืจื•ื“ื•ืœืฃ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ, ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืจืขื™ื•ื ื™ ืœืชื•ื›ื ื™ื•ืช ื”ืœื™ืžื•ื“ ื‘ืžื•ืกื“ื•ืช ื—ื™ื ื•ืš ื•ื•ืœื“ื•ืจืฃ. ื‘ื”ื›ืฉืจื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืจื™ื ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ... ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” – ืžื“ืข ื”ืจื•ื— ืžื™ื™ืกื•ื“ื• ืฉืœ ืจื•ื“ื•ืœืฃ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ

ืื“ื ืขื•ืœื - ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ

ืžื”ื™ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื”? ืœืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ืื™ืŸ ื”ื’ื“ืจื” ืงื‘ื•ืขื” ืื—ืช, ื•ื›ืœ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืฃ ืฉืชืฉืืœื• ืื•ืชื• "ืžื”ื™ ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื”?" ื™ืขื ื” ืœื›ื ืงืฆืช ืื—ืจืช, ื•ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืฉืœื• ืชื™ืงื‘ืข ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื™ื—ืก ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ืฉืœื• ื›ืœืคื™ ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื”ืจื’ืข. ืžืงื•ืจ ื”ืžื™ืœื” "ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื”" ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ื•ื•ื ื™ืช; ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืก โ€“ ืื“ื, ืกื•ืคื™ื” โ€“ ื—ื›ืžื”, ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” โ€“ ื—ื›ืžืช ื”ืื“ื. ื”ืื ืชืจื•ืคื•ืกื•ืคื™ื” ื ืงืจืืช ื’ื "ื™ื“ืข ื”ืื“ื", ืื• "ืžื“ืข ื”ืจื•ื—". ื”ื™ื ื ื•ืกื“ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื“"ืจ ืจื•ื“ื•ืœืฃ ืฉื˜ื™ื™ื ืจ (1861 โ€“ ... ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

5 ืฉืืœื•ืช ืขื ืฉื™ืจืœื™ ืฉืงื“

ื‘ืช 45, ื ืฉื•ืื” ื‘ืื”ื‘ื” ืœืื“ื, ืื™ืžื ืœื ืขื ื‘ืช ื”-13 ื•ื—ืฆื™, ืœืชื•ื ื‘ืŸ ื”-10 ื•ืœืื™ื™ืœื” ื‘ืช ื”-5. ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœื ืคืฉ

ืžื“ื•ืจ ื—ื“ืฉ, ืœืœื ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื™ืœื™ื, ืžื‘ื˜ ืขืœ ื”ื ืขืฉื” ื‘ื›ื™ืชื•ืช ื•ื‘ื’ื ื™ื. ืขืœ ืžื—ื‘ืจื•ืช, ื“ืงืœื•ืžื™ื, ื—ื™ืœื•ืคื™ ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ืžื–ื•ืŸ ืœื ืคืฉ. ืœื—ืฆื• ืœื”ื’ื“ืœื” ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

ืงื™ืจ ืืžืŸ- ื˜ืœ ื™ืจื•ืฉืœืžื™

ื ื•ืœื“ื” ื‘ื ืชื ื™ื”, 1978 . ื’ืจื” ื‘ื’ื‘ืขืชื™ื™ื ื•ืขื•ื‘ื“ืช ื‘ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘. ืืžื ื™ืช ื‘ื•ื’ืจืช ืชื•ืืจ ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื‘ืฆืœืืœ. ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »

5 ืฉืืœื•ืช ืขื ืžืจื™ื ืคื˜ืจื™

ืžืจื™ื ืคื˜ืจื™

ืžืจื™ื ืคื˜ืจื™, ื‘ืช 69, ืื ืœ-2 ื•ืกื‘ืชื ืœ-6, ื™ื•ืขืฆืช ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ืช ื•ืžืชืจื’ืžืช, ื—ืœืง ืžืฆื•ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืœื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื‘ื™ื•ื’ืจืคื™ "ืื ื”ื—ื™ื˜ื”". ืงืจื ืขื•ื“ »