ืžืฆื˜ืจืคื™ื ื‘ืžื‘ืฆืข ืœืขื™ืชื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืื“ื ืฆืขื™ืจ >>> ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื”ื–ืžื ื”
ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™ –  ื ืก ืืžื ื•ืชื™

ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™ – ื ืก ืืžื ื•ืชื™

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ืคืš ืฉื™ืจ ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ ื—ื™ื“ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ, ื”ืžืงื™ื™ื ื“ื• ืฉื™ื— ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™ ื•ืจืขื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื ืฉื™ืจ ืžื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื, ืœืœื”ื™ื˜ ืขื ืง ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžื ื™ื? ืื•ืœื™ ื”ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื˜ืžื•ื ื” ื‘ืœื—ืŸ ืฉื›ืชื‘ ืœื• ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง, ืฉื”ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ืœืงื•ื ืฆื ื–ื•ืก ื—ื•ื“ืจ ืœื‘ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื—ื•ืฆื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื•ื”ื–'ืื ืจื™ื.

ืœึตืšึฐ, ื™ึถืœึถื“, ืœึตืšึฐ, ืื•ึผืœึทื™ ื‘ึผึฐืกื•ึนืฃ ื”ึทืžึทืขึฒืจึธื‘,
ื‘ึผึตื™ืŸ ื™ึธื ื•ึฐื™ึทื‘ึผึธืฉืึธื”, ื‘ึผึตื™ืŸ ืึธื‘ ืœึดืกึฐืชึธื•,
ื™ึฐืื•ึนืจ ืฉืึถืœึฐืšึธ ื™ึธืึดื™ืจ ื‘ึผึตื™ืŸ ื—ึฒื˜ึธืึธื™ื•.

ื—ึฒื˜ึธืึตื™ ื”ึธืึดื™ืฉื ื•ึฐื”ึธืึดืฉืึธื” ื•ึฐื”ึทื ึธื—ึธืฉื,
ื—ึทื˜ึผึทืืช ื“ึธื•ึดื“ ื‘ึผึฐืื•ึผืจึดื™ึธื”, ื›ึผึดื‘ึฐืฉื‚ึทืช ื”ึธืจึธืฉื,
ื•ึฐื™ื•ึนื ึธืชึธืŸ ื•ึฐื™ึทืขึฒืจึทืช ื”ึทื“ึฐื‘ึทืฉื.

ืžึตืช ืึธื‘ ื•ึผืžึตืช ืึฑืœื•ึผืœ, ื”ึทืงึทื™ึดืฅ ืฉืึธื‘,
ืกึดืคึผื•ึผืจ ืฉืึถืœึฐืšึธ, ื™ึทืœึฐื“ึดื™, ืžึทืชึฐื—ึดื™ืœ ืขึทื›ึฐืฉืึธื•,
ืขึดื ื›ึผึธืœ ื”ึทื“ึฐื‘ึทืฉื ื•ึฐื”ึทื ึธื—ึธืฉื ื•ึฐื”ึธืึดืฉืึธื”.

ื ึถืึฑืกึทืฃ ืชึดืฉึฐืืจึตื™ / ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ

ืžึตืช ืึธื‘ ื•ึผืžึตืช ืึฑืœื•ึผืœ ื•ึผืžึตืช ื—ึปืžึธื,
ื’ึทื ื ึถืึฑืกึทืฃ ืชึดืฉืึฐืจึตื™ ื•ึผืžึตืช ืขึดืžึธื,
ืจึทืง ื ึดืฉืึฐืึฒืจึธื” ื’ึทื—ึถืœึถืช ืขึฒืžื•ึผืžึธื”
ืฉืึถืœ ืึทื”ึฒื‘ึทืช ื”ึทืงึทื™ึดืฅ ื”ึทื’ึฐื“ื•ึผืžึธื”.

ืึถืœ ืžึฐืขึธืจึทืช ื“ึธื•ึดื“ ื”ึทืฉืื•ึผื ึทืžึดื™ืช
ืชึทืฆึฐืžึดื™ื“ ืึถืช ื™ึฐืจึตื›ึถื™ื”ึธ ื”ึทืงึธืจื•ึนืช,
ืึถืœ ื—ึนื ื”ึธืึฒื‘ึธื ึดื™ื ืฉืึถืขึทืœ ืงึดื‘ึฐืจื•ึน.

ื•ึฐื™ึถืœึถื“ ื–ึธืจ ื”ื•ึนืœึตืšึฐ ื•ึฐืชึธืจ ื›ึผึฐืžื•ึน ืฉืึธืื•ึผืœ
ืึถืช ืขึดืงึฐื‘ื•ึนืชึธื™ื• ืฉืึถืœ ืึธื‘ ื•ึฐืฉืึถืœ ืึฑืœื•ึผืœ,
ื•ึผื‘ึถืขึธืžื•ึผื ื”ื•ึผื ืžึฐื—ึทืคึผึตืฉื‚ ืึถืช ื”ึทืฆึธืœื•ึผืœ.

ืžึตืช ืึธื‘ / ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื”ื ื’ื™ื“

ืžึตืช ืึธื‘ ื•ึผืžึตืช ืึตืœื•ึผืœ, ื•ึผืžึตืช ื—ึปืžึธื ื’ึทื ื ึถืึฑืกึทืฃ ืชึดืฉึฐืจึตื™ ื•ึผืžึตืช ืขึดืžึธื,
ื‘ึธืื•ึผ ื™ึฐืžึตื™ ื”ึทืงืจ, ื•ึฐื”ึทืชึดื™ืจื•ึนืฉื ืึธื“ึทื ื•ึฐืงื•ึนืœื•ึน ื‘ึทื›ึฐืœึดื™ ื“ึธืžึทื.

ืœึธื›ึตืŸ, ื™ึฐื“ึดื™ื“ึดื™, ืกื‘ ืึฑืœึตื™ ืจึตืขึดื™ื ื›ึธืœ ืึดื™ืฉื ื•ึฐืึดื™ืฉื ื™ึทืขึทืฉื‚ ืึฒืฉึถืจ ื–ึธืžึทื!
ืึธืžึฐืจื•ึผ: ื—ึฒื–ึตื” ืขึธื‘ึดื™ื ื‘ึฐื”ึทื’ึฐืฉึดื™ืžึธื ื•ึผืฉึฐืžึทืข ืฉึฐืžึตื™ ืžึธืจื•ึนื ื‘ึฐื”ึทืจึฐืขึดื™ืžึธื.

ืจึฐืึตื” ื›ึฐืคื•ึนืจ ื•ึผืœึฐืฉืื•ึนืŸ ืžึฐื“ื•ึผืจึธื” โ€“ ื–ึถื” ื™ึตืจึตื“ ื•ึฐื–ึถื” ื™ึทืขึทืœ ื•ึฐื™ึดืชึฐืจื•ึนืžึธื.
ืงื•ึผืžึธื”, ย ืฉึฐืชึตื” ื‘ึทื›ึผื•ึนืก ื•ึฐืฉืื•ึผื‘ ื•ึผืฉึฐืชึตื” ื‘ึทื›ึทื“, ื•ึผื‘ึทืœึทื™ึดืœ ื•ึฐื’ึทื ื™ื•ืžึธื!

ืžืฉืžื•ืืœ ื•ืขื“ ื ืชืŸ

ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื ืคืœื ื”ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืžืฉื™ืจื™ ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื”ื ื’ื™ื“ (1056-993), ืžื’ื“ื•ืœื™ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจื™ื ื”ื™ื”ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ื‘ืกืคืจื“ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื, ืฉื”ืฉืื™ืจ ืื—ืจื™ื• ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ื›ืจื›ื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืจื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ื”ืขื•ืกืงื™ื ื‘ื™ื™ืŸ, ื—ืฉืง, ืžืœื—ืžื”, ื”ื’ื•ืช ื•ืขื•ื“. ื–ืืช, ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื™ื” ืื“ื ื“ืชื™ ื•ื›ื™ื”ืŸ ื›ืจื‘ ื•ืคื•ืกืง ื”ื”ืœื›ื” ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉืœ ื–ืžื ื•.

ืขื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืฉื ื” ืžืชื—ืœืคื•ืช, ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื—ื•ืœืฃ ื•ื”ืื“ื ืžืชืขืฆื‘ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืขื•ื‘ืจื™ื. ืื–, ื‘ืจื’ืขื™ื ืืœื” ืžืฆื™ืข ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ืœืื“ื ืœืœื’ื•ื ืžื›ื•ืก ื”ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืœืฉืžื•ื— ืขืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ื”ื ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ื•ื–ื•ืจืžื™ื ืžื™ื•ื ืœื™ื•ื.

ื›ืืœืฃ ืฉื ื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ืžื—ืœืฅ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืžืืœืžื•ื ื™ื•ืชื• ื”ื™ื—ืกื™ืช (ื”ื™ื” ื™ื“ื•ืข ืขื“ ืื– ืœืื•ื”ื‘ื™ ืฉื™ืจื” ื‘ืœื‘ื“). ื”ื•ื ื›ื•ืชื‘ ืฉื™ืจ ืคื™ืœื•ืกื•ืคื™ ื—ื™ื“ืชื™ ื”ืžืงื™ื™ื ื“ื• ืฉื™ื— ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™ ื•ืจืขื™ื•ื ื™ ืขื ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื”ื ื’ื™ื“. ืฉื™ืจื• ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืจืื” ืื•ืจ ื‘-1974 ืœืื—ืจ ืžืœื—ืžืช ื™ื•ื ื›ื™ืคื•ืจ, ื‘ื” ื ื”ืจื’ ื‘ื ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ โ€“ ืœื™ืื•ืจ. ื‘ืชื—ื›ื•ื ืจื‘ ืžืฆืœื™ื— ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืœืžืกืš ืืช ืขื•ืฆืžืช ื”ื›ืื‘ ื•ื”ืื•ื‘ื“ืŸ ื”ื—ื‘ื•ื™ื” ื‘ืžื™ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืœื”ื™ืžื ืข ืžื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืฉื™ืจ ืึถื‘ืœ,ย  ื•ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืฉื™ืจ ืฉึฐื›ื•ืœ ื”ืขื•ืกืง ื‘ื”ืคืจืช ื”ืกื“ืจ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื‘ืŸ ืžืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืื‘.

ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ

ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ. ืžืงื•ืจ: https://he.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=111637

ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืœื ื ื•ืชืŸ ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื‘ืจื•ืจื” ืœืฉืœืœ ื”ืชื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืงื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ื’ืขื•ืช ื‘ืžื”ื•ืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื - ืฉืืœืช ื”ืžื•ื•ืช ื•ื”ื—ื˜ืื™ื ืฉืงื•ืฉืจื™ื ืื• ืœื ืงื•ืฉืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื”ื, ืื• ืฉืืœืช ื”ืคื™ืชื•ื™ ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ืคื•ืกืง ื‘ื“ืจื›ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืื“ื. ื“ื•ืจ ื”ื•ืœืš ื•ื“ื•ืจ ื‘ื ื•ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ื•ืจ ืžื—ื“ืฉ "ื”ื“ื‘ืฉ ื•ื”ื ื—ืฉ ื•ื”ืื™ืฉื”" ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ืœื™ื“ื” ื—ื“ืฉ. ื”ืžืขื’ืœ ืื™ื ื• ื ืฉืœื ืœืขื•ืœื. ื›ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ื”ืฉื ื” ื”ืžืชื™ื ืฉืงืžื™ื ืœืชื—ื™ื™ื”, ื›ืš ื’ืœื’ืœ ื”ืงื™ื•ื ื”ืื ื•ืฉื™ ื”ื•ื ื’ืœื’ืœ ืžื—ื–ื•ืจื™ ืฉืœ ืกื‘ืœ ื•ืชื”ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœืขื•ืœื ืื™ื ื ื‘ืื™ื ืขืœ ืคืชืจื•ื ื ื”ืžืœื. ื”ื ืจืง ืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ืฉืืœื•ืช ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื—ื™ื™ื.

ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง? ื™ื–ืจืงื• ืื•ืชื ื• ืžื”ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ!

ื‘-1978 ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื–ื” ื’ืœื’ื•ืœ ื ื•ืกืฃ. ื”ื•ื ืžื’ื™ืข ืœื™ื“ื™ื• ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง ืฉืžืขื ื™ืง ืœื• ืœื—ืŸ ืžืคืชื™ืข ื•ื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื›ืš ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื”ืื”ื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžื ื™ื, ืขืœ ืืฃ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืชื• ื”ืžื™ืœื•ืœื™ืช ื•ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ื‘ื”ื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœื•.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื–ื” ืงืจื” ืฉื–ืžืจ ืคืจื•ืข, ืืœื™ืœ ื ื•ืขืจ ืฉืžื‘ืฆืข ืฉื™ืจื™ ืคื•ืค ืงืฆื‘ื™ื™ื, ืงืœื™ืœื™ื ื•ืงืœื™ื˜ื™ื, ื™ื•ืœื“ ืžืชื•ื›ื• ืœื—ืŸ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ื”ืฉื•ื ื” ืžื”ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ ืฉืœื•, ืฉื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ืืฃ ืžื‘ื™ื ืœื ืงื•ื“ืช ืžืคื ื” ื‘ืงืจื™ื™ืจื” ืฉืœื•?

ืจืืฉื™ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืกื™ืคื•ืจ ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ืฉื ื•ืช ื”-70 ื‘ื—ื•ื’ ืœืกืคืจื•ืช ืขื‘ืจื™ืช ื‘ืื•ื ื™ื‘ืจืกื™ื˜ืช ืช"ื. "ื‘ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ืžื™ื," ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืคื–ืžื•ื ืื™ ื•ื”ืกื•ืคืจ ื“ืŸ ืืœืžื’ื•ืจ, "ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืขื‘ืจืชื™ ื”ืจืฆืื” ื‘ื ื•ืฉื ืฉื™ืจืช ื™ืžื™ ื”ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื, ืจืื™ืชื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืฉื‘ืื•ืชื” ืชืงื•ืคื” ืœืžื“ ืœืชื•ืืจ ืฉื ื™ ื‘ืกืคืจื•ืช ืขื‘ืจื™ืช. ื—ืœืง ืžืŸ ื”ื”ืจืฆืื” ื”ื•ืงื“ืฉ ืœืฉื™ืจ 'ืžืช ืื‘ ื•ืžืช ืืœื•ืœ' ืฉืœ ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื”ื ื’ื™ื“. ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืจื™ืชืง ืืช ื”ื ื•ื›ื—ื™ื ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืฉื•ื—ื—ื ื• ืขืœื™ื• ืืจื•ื›ื•ืช... ืžื™ ื—ืฉื‘ ืื– ืฉืžื”ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ื”ื”ื•ื ื™ื™ื•ื•ืœื“ ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ, ืืฉืจ ื”ืคืš ืืช ืžื™ืœื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื”ื ื’ื™ื“ ืขืœ ืขืฆื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื“ื ืืœ ืžื•ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื•ืœืฃ, ืœืฉื™ืจ ืขืœ ืขืฆื‘ื•ืช ื”ืื‘ ืืœ ืžื•ืœ ื—ืœื•ืฃ ื—ื™ื™ ื‘ื ื•."

ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืชื‘ืงืฉ ืืœืžื’ื•ืจ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืชื›ื ื™ืช ื˜ืœื•ื•ื™ื–ื™ื” ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืื‘ื™ื‘, ื”ื•ื ืžื‘ืงืฉ ืžื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืœื”ื›ื ื™ืก ืฉื™ืจ ืœื ืžื•ื›ืจ ืฉืœื•: "ื”ืฉื ื™ื ืฉื—ืœืคื•" ืฉื™ื•ืœื—ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœืชื›ื ื™ืช ื•ื™ื•ืฉืžืข ื‘ื” ืœืจืืฉื•ื ื”. "ืžื™ ื™ืœื—ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ?โ€ ืฉืืœ ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ. "ื›ืืฉืจ ืขื ื™ืชื™ 'ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง'," ืžืกืคืจ ืืœืžื’ื•ืจ, "ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ื”ื—ื•ื•ื™ืจ ื•ืืžืจ: 'ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง? ื™ื–ืจืงื• ืื•ืชื ื• ืžื”ืงื™ื‘ื•ืฅ!'" ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื”ืฆืœื™ื— ืืœืžื’ื•ืจ ืœืฉื›ื ืข ืืช ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืฉืœืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง ื™ืฉ ืฆื“ ืื—ืจ, ืฉืœื ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ: ืื“ื ืจืฆื™ื ื™, ื‘ืŸ ืœืžืฉืคื—ืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืื™ื ื•ื‘ืขืœ ื”ื›ืฉืจื” ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ืช ื ืจื—ื‘ืช ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืงืœืืกื™. ื•ืื›ืŸ ืืœืžื’ื•ืจ ืฆื“ืง. ืคื™ืง ืœืงื— ืืช ื”ืžืฉื™ืžื” ื‘ืจืฆื™ื ื•ืช ื’ืžื•ืจื”, ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืชื›ื ื™ืช ื‘ืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืžืชื•ืŸ ื•ืฉืจ ืœื”ืคืœื™ื. ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื”ื•ืงืกื ื•ืฉื™ื‘ื— ืืช ื”ืœื—ืŸ.

ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง

ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง. ืžืชื•ืš: ืขืžื•ื“ ื”ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง

ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ื”ื”ืœื—ื ื” ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ื—ืช ื”ื–ืืช ืžื•ืฉื›ืช ืืช ืขื™ื ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื“ืœื™ื” ื”ืœืจ, ืขื•ืจื›ืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ืช ื‘ืจืฉืช ื’ื™ืž"ืœ ืฉืฉื ื” ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ, ืœืคื ื™ ืจืืฉ ื”ืฉื ื”, ืžืฆื™ืขื” ืœืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง ืœื”ืœื—ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ 'ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™' ืœืงืจืืช ื”ื—ื’ ื•ืœืจื’ืœ ื–ื›ื™ื™ืชื• ื‘ืชื•ืืจ ื–ืžืจ ื”ืฉื ื”. ื•ื›ืš ื”ื™ื ืžืกืคืจืช:

"ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืžืฆืขื“ื™ื ื”ืฉื ืชื™ื™ื ืฉื”ื™ื• ืžืฉื•ื“ืจื™ื ื‘ืจืืฉ ื”ืฉื ื”, ื—ื™ืคืฉืชื™ ืฉื™ืจื™ ืžืฉื•ืจืจื™ื ืฉืžืชืื™ืžื™ื ืœื”ืœื—ื ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืขืฉื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืฆืขื“ ื‘ืฉื™ืจื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื. ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืžืฆืขื“ ืฉืœ 1977 ืจืื™ืชื™ ืฉืœืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง ื™ืฉ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื–ืžืจ ื”ืฉื ื”; ืžืฆืืชื™ ืืช 'ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™', ืฉื”ืฉื ืฉืœื• ื”ืชืื™ื ืœืžื•ืขื“ ื”ืžืฆืขื“, ื•ื”ื—ืœื˜ืชื™ ืœืชืช ืœื• ืœื ืกื•ืช ืœื”ืœื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื•. ื—ืฉื‘ืชื™ ืฉื’ื ืื ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืœื ื™ื–ื›ื” ื‘ืชื•ืืจ, ืœืคื—ื•ืช ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื ื• ืฉื™ืจ ื˜ื•ื‘. ื–ื” ืฉื™ืจ ืœื ืงืœ, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืื™ืชื• ืžืื•ื“ ื™ืคื”."

"ืชื•ืš ื›ื“ื™ ื”ื”ืงืœื˜ื”," ืžืกืคืจ ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง, "ื”ื‘ื ืชื™ ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื ื• ืฉื™ืจ ืœื ืจื’ื™ืœ, ื•ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ืฆื™ืจื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืžื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื‘ื”ืงืœื˜ื” ื’ื ื”ืชืขืžืงืชื™ ื‘ืžืฉืžืขื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื ื•ื‘ื’ืื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ. ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉื–ื” ืฉื™ืจ ืฉื•ื ื” ื•ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืžืื•ื“ ืฉืžืืคืฉืจ ื”ืกืชื›ืœื•ืช ืขืœ ื—ื™ื™ื, ืขืœ ืžื•ื•ืช, ืขืœ ืžืขื’ืœ ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื”ื•ื ืฉื™ื“ืจ ื›ืœ ืžื™ื ื™ ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืฉื™ืจื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืœื ืžืฉื“ืจื™ื. ื”ื‘ื ืชื™ ืฉืงื•ืจื” ืคื” ืžืฉื”ื• ื‘ืœืชื™ ืจื’ื™ืœ, ืžืฉื”ื• ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžืื•ื“."

ืžืฉืง ื›ื ืคื™ ืžืœืื›ื™ื

ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื–ื›ื” ืžื™ื“ ืœืื”ื“ืช ื”ืงื”ืœ ื•ื”ืคืš ืœืœื”ื™ื˜ ืขื ืง. ื’ื ื”ืžืฉื•ืจืจ ื ืชืŸ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ, ืฉืœื ื”ื•ื›ื ืก ื‘ืกื•ื“ ื”ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ื”ื•ืคืชืข ืขื“ ื“ืžืขื•ืช ืžื”ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืžืจื’ืฉ, ื”ื‘ื™ืข ืชื•ื“ื” ืขืžื•ืงื” ืœืžืœื—ื™ืŸ ื•ื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื›"ื ืก ืืžื ื•ืชื™." ื”ื•ื ื ืคื’ืฉ ืขื ืคื™ืง ื•ืืžืจ ืœื• ืฉื”ื•ื ืจื•ืื” ื‘ืœื—ืŸ ื”ืžืฉื•ื‘ื— ื›ื ืคื™ื™ื ืฉืœื•ืงื—ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืœืžืงื•ื ื—ื“ืฉ.

ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืื›ืŸ ื”ืžืจื™ื ืœืžืงื•ื ื—ื“ืฉ ื•ื‘ื“ืจื›ื• ืืฃ ืœืงื— ืืช ืคื™ืง ืขืฆืžื• ืœืžืงื•ื ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ ื—ื“ืฉ. ืžืขืชื” ื”ื•ื ื”ื—ืœ ืœื”ืœื—ื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืจื™ ืžืฉื•ืจืจื™ื ื•ืืฃ ื”ื•ืฆื™ื ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ืืœื‘ื•ื ืฉืœื ื‘ืกื’ื ื•ืŸ ื–ื”.

"ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื–ื” ื—ื“ืจ ืœืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื›ื•ืœื ื•ื—ืฆื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื•ื”ื–'ืื ืจื™ื," ืžืชื’ืื” ืคื™ืง, "ื”ื•ื ืื”ื•ื‘ ื’ื ืขืœ ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืžื‘ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื, ื•ื’ื ืขืœ ืืœื” ืฉืœื ืžืชืขืžืงื™ื ื‘ื”ืŸ. ื–ื” ืœื ืงื•ืจื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฉืฉื™ืจ ืžืฆืœื™ื— ืœื”ืคื•ืš ืœื›ื–ื” ืงื•ื ืฆื ื–ื•ืก. ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืฆืœื—ืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ ื”ืชื™ื™ื—ืกื• ืืœื™ื™ ืื—ืจืช, ื”ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื’ื™ืœื• ืื•ืชื™ ื•ืืžืจื•, 'ื•ื•ืื•, ืื™ื–ื” ืžืœื—ื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืคื”.' ืคืชืื•ื ืฉืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ืชื“ืžื™ืช, ื”ื‘ื’ื“ื™ื, ื”ืชืกืจื•ืงื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืขืจื™ืฆื•ืช, ื™ืฉ ืžื™ืฉื”ื• ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ืฉื›ื•ืชื‘ ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ืช."

ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื ื”ืืœื” ืฉืœ ืคื™ืง ืขืœ ืžื•ื–ื™ืงื” ืจืฆื™ื ื™ืช ืฉื•ืœื—ื™ื ืื•ืชื™ ืœืกื™ื•ื ืœืื—ื“ ื”ืจืื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืขื™ืžื•.ย ย ย ย  ื›ืืฉืจ ื ืฉืืœ ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื”ืชื’ื‘ืฉ ืืฆืœื• ื”ื“ื—ืฃ ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™, ื”ื•ื ืกื™ืคืจ: "ื‘ืจื—ื•ื‘ ืฉื‘ื• ื’ื“ืœืชื™, ื‘ืขื™ืจ ื•ื•ืจื•ืฆืœื‘ ื‘ืคื•ืœื™ืŸ, ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื›ื ืกื™ื™ื”. ืœื ืคืขื ื‘ื“ืจื›ื™ ืœื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืฉืžืขืชื™ ืžืชื•ื›ื” ืฉื™ืจื” ืื“ื™ืจื” ืฉืžืฉื›ื” ืื•ืชื™ ืคื ื™ืžื”. ื”ืชื™ื™ืฉื‘ืชื™ ื‘ืฉืงื˜ ื‘ืคื™ื ื” ื•ื”ืงืฉื‘ืชื™. ืœืคื ื™ื™ ืขืžื“ื• ื™ืœื“ื™ ืžืงื”ืœื” ืฉืฉืจื• ื‘ืงื•ืœื•ืช ืจื›ื™ื ื•ื–ื›ื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืฆืœื™ืœ ืฉืœ ืขื•ื’ื‘ ืขื•ื˜ืฃ ืื•ืชื ื‘ื—ื’ื™ื’ื™ื•ืช. ื”ื ื”ื™ื• ืžืื•ื“ ื™ืคื™ื, ืœื‘ื•ืฉื™ื ื‘ื’ืœื™ืžื•ืช ืžืฉื™ ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ื ืจื•ืช ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื. ื”ื ืฉืจื• ื‘ืืžื•ื ื” ื›ื–ืืช... ืžื–ืžื•ืจื™ื ื“ืชื™ื™ื. ื”ื ื ืจืื• ื›ืžื• ืžืœืื›ื™ื. ืื™ืŸ ืœื™ ืกืคืง ืฉืœืžื–ืžื•ืจื™ื ื”ืืœื” ื™ืฉ ื—ืœืง ื‘ืชืคื™ืกื” ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ืช ืฉืœื™. ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ ื”ืžื•ืฉืœื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื–ืžื•ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืœืš ืขืœื™ื™ ืงืกื. ื”ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืฉืœ ื”ืžืขืžื“ ื”ื–ื” ืขืœื™ื™ ื”ื™ื™ืชื” ื ืฉื’ื‘ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืคืขื ืžื—ื“ืฉ."

ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง - ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™

ืžืชื•ืš ื”ืชื›ื ื™ืช ืขื•ื“ ืœื”ื™ื˜ ืฉืฉื•ื“ืจื” ื‘ืขืจื•ืฅ 1

ืžื“ื™ืกืงื• ืขื“ ื‘ืืš

ื”ืื–ื ื” ืœ"ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™" ืžื’ืœื” ืžื ืขื“ ืจื—ื‘ ืฉืœ ืกื’ื ื•ื ื•ืช ืžื•ื–ื™ืงืœื™ื™ื

ืืจื– ื’ืจื•ืก

"ืžื™ ืžืงืฉื™ื‘ ืœืžื™ืœื™ื, ืœืžื” ื“ื•ื•ืงื ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืžื” ืฉื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืžื ื’ื™ื ื” ื”ื–ื•ืจืžืช ืžืขืฆืžื”?" ื›ืš ื›ืชื‘ ืคืขื ื”ืคื–ืžื•ื ืื™ ืื”ื•ื“ ืžื ื•ืจ ื‘ืื—ื“ ืžืฉื™ืจื™ื• ืœืœื—ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžืชื™ ื›ืกืคื™. ย ืžื•ืกื™ืงืื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ื•ื˜ื™ื ืœื”ืขืœื•ืช ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ืื ืื™ื›ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืจ ื ื•ื‘ืขืช ืžืžื™ืœื•ืชื™ื• ืื• ื“ื•ื•ืงื ืžืŸ ื”ืœื—ืŸ ืฉื”ื•ืœื‘ืฉ ืขืœื™ื• ื•ืขื•ื˜ืฃ ืืช ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื. ืœืฉืืœื” ื–ื• ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืชืงื‘ืœ ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ืื—ืช, ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื’ื ืืœื” ื•ื’ื ืืœื” ืฆื•ื“ืงื™ื. ืื ื ืคืฉืคืฉ ื‘ื–ื›ืจื•ื ื ื• ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืฉื™ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืื•ืชื ืื ื• ืžื›ื™ืจื™ื, ื ื’ืœื” ืœืจื•ื‘ ืฉืื ื• ื–ื•ื›ืจื™ื ืื•ืชื ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ืœื—ืŸ ื•ืœื ื‘ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื. ืœืขืชื™ื ื”ืœื—ืŸ ืžื•ืฆืœื— ื•ืงืœื™ื˜ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืขื“ ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืžืืคื™ืœ ืขืœ ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื, ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืืฃ ื ื—ืจื˜ ื‘ืื–ื ื™ ื”ืžืื–ื™ื ื™ื ืœื• ื‘ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ื”ืคื•ื›ื” ืœื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžื™ืœื™ื. ื“ื•ื’ืžื ืœื›ืš ื”ื•ื ื”ืฉื™ืจ "ืื”ื‘ืชื” ืฉืœ ืชืจื–ื” ื“ื™ ืžื•ืŸ" ืœืžื™ืœื•ืชื™ื” ืฉืœ ืœืื” ื’ื•ืœื“ื‘ืจื’ (ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื "ืžื—ืœื•ื ื™ ื•ื’ื ืžื—ืœื•ื ืš"), ื”ื ืชืคืก ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ื”ืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ื›ืฉื™ืจ ืื”ื‘ื” ืจื•ืžื ื˜ื™, ืขืœ ืืฃ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืื”ื‘ื” ืฉืื™ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ืชืžืžืฉ.

ื•ืœื’ื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื”ืฉื™ืจ "ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™": ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง ื ื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ ืจื‘ื™ื ืœืคื•ืจืฅ ื“ืจืš ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื‘ืืจืฆื ื• ื•ืœืื—ื“ ืžื’ื“ื•ืœื™ ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืื™ื ื”ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉืคืขืœื• ื•ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืคื•ืขืœื™ื ื›ืืŸ. ื‘ืฉื™ืจ "ื ืืกืฃ ืชืฉืจื™" ืžื‘ื™ื ืคื™ืง ืืช ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ื• ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ื™ื ื•ืืช ื’ืื•ื ื™ื•ืชื• ื‘ืžืœื•ื ื”ื“ืจื. ื›ืฉืื ื™ ืื•ืžืจ 'ื’ืื•ื ื™ื•ืชื•' ืื ื™ ืžืชื›ื•ื•ืŸ ืœื›ืš ืฉื’ื ืœืžื™ืœื™ื ื”ืขื•ืกืงื•ืช ื‘ืกื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื›ื•ืื‘ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื•ื‘ืžื•ื•ืช, ื•ื‘ื”ืคืจืช ื”ืกื“ืจ ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ - ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื‘ืŸ ืžืช ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืื‘ - ืžืžืฉื™ืš ืฆื‘ื™ืงื” ืคื™ืง ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ืืžืŸ ืœืื•ืคื™ ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืชื™ื• ื‘ืื•ืชืŸ ื”ืฉื ื™ื ื•ืžื‘ื™ื ืืœ ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืžืงืฆื‘ ืืฉืจ ืœื›ืื•ืจื” ืื™ื ื• ื”ื•ืœื ืืช ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืจ - ืžืงืฆื‘ ื“ื™ืกืงื• ืžืงืคื™ืฅ ื•ืžืจื ื™ืŸ ืฉืกื•ื—ืฃ ืืช ืœื‘ ื”ืžืื–ื™ืŸ. ื•ืื•ืœื™ ื–ื• ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื”ื ืงื•ื“ื” ืœืฉื™ื ืขืœื™ื” ืืช ื”ืืฆื‘ืข ื›ืฉืื ื• ืฉื•ืืœื™ื ืžื“ื•ืข ื–ื›ื” ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืœื”ืขืจื›ื” ื›ื” ืจื‘ื” ื•ืœืชื•ื—ืœืช ื—ื™ื™ื ืืจื•ื›ืช ืฉื ื™ื ืžืขืœ ื’ืœื™ ื”ืืชืจ ื”ื—ืœ ืžืฉื ืช 1978. ื‘ืฉื™ืจ ืฉื™ืœื•ื‘ ื ืคืœื ื•ืคืฉื•ื˜ ืฉืœ ืžืงืฆื‘, ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ื•ืœื—ืŸ ื”ืฉื–ื•ืจื™ื ื–ื” ื‘ื–ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืคื™ ื•ื‘ืงืกื ืžื™ื ื•ืจื™ ื•ืžื–'ื•ืจื™. ื–ื”ื• ืกื•ื“ ื”ื’ืœื•ื™ ืœืขื™ื ื• ื•ืœืื•ื–ื ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืžืื–ื™ืŸ, ืืš ื’ื ื‘ืจืื•ืชื ื• ื•ื‘ืฉื•ืžืขื ื• ืืช ื”ืกื•ื“ ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ ื”ื–ื”, ืื ื• ืžืชืงืฉื™ื ืœืจื•ื‘ ืœื”ืฆื‘ื™ืข ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืžื”ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ื•ืง ื”ื ื•ืกื—ื” ื”ืคื•ืขืœืช ื‘ืชื•ื›ื•. ื›ื ืจืื” ืฉื”ืกื•ื“ ื ืขื•ืฅ ื‘ืคืฉื˜ื•ืช - ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ืืœื ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ื›ืœืœ. ืžืฉืงืœ ื”ืชื™ื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ืฉืœ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืจื‘ืขื™ื, ืืš ื‘ืชืชื ื• ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ ื ื•ืกืคืช ื ื’ืœื” ืฉื”ืขื™ื‘ื•ื“ ืฉื‘ืžืงืฆื‘ ื”ืชื•ืคื™ื ื‘ื‘ืชื™ื ืื™ื ื• ืจื’ื™ืœ ืืœื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืžื ื’ื™ื ืช ืจื•ืœื™ื (Rolls) ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ืช ื”ื—ื•ื–ืจืช ื•ื ืฉื ื™ืช ืขืœ ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืกึฐื ึตืจ ื•ืขืœ ืฉื ื™ ืชื•ืคื™ ื”ื˜ืžื˜ื ืฉืžืขืœื™ื•. ื‘ืคื–ืžื•ืŸ ืžืฉืชื ื” ืงืฆื‘ ื”ืชื™ืคื•ืฃ ืœื“ื™ืกืงื• ืกื˜ื ื“ืจื˜ื™ ื•ืžื•ื›ืจ, ืžืฉื•ื—ืจืจ ืžืฉื”ื•, ื•ืœืขื•ืžืช ืงืฆื‘ ื”ื“ื™ืกืงื• - ืกื•ืœื• ื”ื’ื™ื˜ืจื” ื‘ืืžืฆืข ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืžื–ื›ื™ืจ ื‘ืื•ืคื™ื• ื™ืฆื™ืจื•ืช ืงืœืืกื™ื•ืช. ื”ืžื•ื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื ื•ื”ืžืจื•ื•ื—ื™ื ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืกื•ืœื• ืœืงื•ื—ื™ื ืžืขื•ืœืžื• ื”ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ ื”ืงืœืืกื™ ื”ืขืฉื™ืจ ืฉืœ ืคื™ืง. ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ืœืกื•ืœื• ื”ื’ื™ื˜ืจื” ืžืชื—ื‘ืจืช ื ื’ื™ื ืช ืกื™ื ืชื™ืกื™ื™ื–ืจ ืฆื•ืจืžื ื™ืช ืืš ืงืกื•ืžื” ื‘ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ื•ืช ืืฉืจ ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืžื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉืจืง ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ ืขืฉื™ืจ ื•ืจื—ื‘ ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื›ื™ื‘ ืžืœืื›ืช ืžื—ืฉื‘ืช ืฉื›ื–ื•. ืœืงื™ื ื•ื— ืกื•ืœื• ื”ืกื™ื ืชื™ืกื™ื™ื–ืจ ืžืฉืœื‘ ืคื™ืง ืงื™ืฉื•ื˜ ืžื•ืกื™ืงืœื™ ืื—ืจื•ืŸ: ืžื•ื˜ื™ื‘ ืื•ืจื’ืŸ ื‘ื”ืฉืจืืชื• ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื”ืืŸ ืกื‘ืกื˜ื™ืืŸ ื‘ืืš. ืœื˜ืขืžื™ ื ื“ืจืฉื” ืชืขื•ื–ื” ืจื‘ื” ืœื”ืœื—ื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืจ ื ื•ื’ื” ืžืขื™ืŸ ื–ื” ื‘ืœื—ืŸ ื•ื‘ื”ืจืžื•ื ื™ื” ืฉื›ืืœื”. ื–ืืช ืื›ืŸ ื’ืื•ื ื•ืช!

ืืจื– ื’ืจื•ืก ื”ื•ื ืžื•ืกื™ืงืื™, ื’ื™ื˜ืจื™ืกื˜ ื•ืžื•ืจื” ืœืžื•ืกื™ืงื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื ืก ืฆื™ื•ื ื”.

ืžืฆื˜ืจืคื™ื ื‘ืžื‘ืฆืข ืœืขื™ืชื•ืŸ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืื“ื ืฆืขื™ืจ >>> ืœืคืจื˜ื™ื ื•ื”ื–ืžื ื”

ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช

ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื”ื“ื•ืืจ ื”ืืœืงื˜ืจื•ื ื™ ืฉืœืš ืœื ืชืคื•ืจืกื. ืฉื“ื•ืช ื”ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืžืกื•ืžื ื™ื *

*

ืชื’ื•ื‘ื” ืื—ืช